The Pap test (also known as cervical cytology, Pap smear orPap test) is performed with the intention of analyzing cells cervix- the lower part of the uterus that opens into the top of the vagina-.This procedure is part of the pelvic examination and are looking to identify tracks of human papillomavirus HPV or carcinomas (cancer cells) to give timely treatment.
Hence the relevance of this study for any irregularity detected can be given treatment time and thereby prevent or eradicate cancer.
How the Pap smear or cervical cytology is performed
While you were lying on the table of special examination for this purpose, a gynecologist, family doctor or nurse, enter into your vagina so gentle speculum, which has been previously prepared with gel to make you feel the slightest discomfort (in some cases up raise the temperature of the gel for your comfort).
And inside your vagina speculum is open for the medical personnel have access to your cervix, so you get a sample of it with a swab or small brush (medical equipment varies depending on the clinic, office or center health).
This part of the process takes about two minutes. Usually it does not hurt, it can cause discomfort and even faint discomfort as similar to menstrual pain . It may be the case bloods slightly, but it’s nothing to worry about.
The sample obtained is sent to a laboratory where the cell structure is examined to confirm or rule out the presence of HPV or cancer or pre-cancerous cells.
The results are sent to your doctor and he will let you know the opinion.
How I can prepare for the test
With the intention that the result of your cervical cytology test is as accurate as possible (because there may be inaccuracies in the result) Mayo Clinic recommends the following:
- Two days before the test appointment with yourgynecologist avoid the following:
– Having sex
– Make you douching
– Apply yourself vaginal medicines (egg or creams)
– Use foams, gels or lubricants with spermicide
- Calendariza your date to be after yourperiod
- Do not usetampons during the period prior to examination
- Alerts the medical staff if you are or thinkyou are pregnant
Who Pap tests should be performed
The National Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of the United States (American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, ACOG) said that the timing and frequency for you to have this test depends on your health, your age and your medical history:
- Women under 30 should the examination every two years from 21 years of age.In the case of a woman in their twenties have a result with abnormalities, your doctor will recommend what is most appropriate for the particular case – that is not the rule apply every two years
- Women 30 years of age or older must also exam every two years.After obtaining three normal consecutive results it can be done every three years if:
– No HPV infection
– Your immune system is strong. It is considered weak for example, after an organ transplant
– It was not exposed before birth to diethylstilbestrol (DES). DES is a synthetic estrogen that was used decades ago to prevent women currently had spontaneous abortion
It is possible that outside the United States made recommendations for testing may vary, so it is important that you ask your doctor. As mentioned above, the test is not 100 percent accurate, so we recommend that you check the symptoms of cervical cancer . Before any concerns see your doctor.