The WHO(World Health Organization) sexual health explains how a concept that is influenced by a combination of biological and social factors. To achieve sexual health a positive and responsible towards sexuality and sexual relations approach is required. They must be free from coercion (no one forces you), and protected discrimination or pleasurable experiences violence.
According to the Mayo Clinic sexual health to be reached:
- Healthy relationships (sexual and interpersonal)
- pregnancy planned
- Protection against diseases
To better understand the term sexual health is important to understand their relationship to sexual rights. Often human rights specialists agree that sexual health can not be achieved without respect for and protection of certain human rights.
The World Association of Sexology (WAS for its acronym in English) came to the following declaration of sexual rights. Every individual must have the:
- Right to sexual freedom
- Right to autonomy, integrity and security of their sexuality and body
- Right to sexual privacy
- Right to sexual equity. This means that no one can be discriminated against because of their gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, socioeconomic status, race, religion, or physical or mental disability
- Right to sexual pleasure
- Right to expression of emotions and sexuality (like marriage)
- Right to free sexual association
- Right to make decisions reproductive responsibly and free
- right to sex education comprehensive
- Right to health care of sexual health
Issues and problems of Sexual Health
WHO presents the following list of issues, concerns and problems that must be solved so that each individual can gain sexual health. These can be solved with sexual education and prevention programs.
Related sexual integrity and safety
- Timely identify sexual problems and promote preventive care.
- Live free of any form of coercion or sexual violence, including rape, sexual harassment and abuse
- Living without bodily mutilation (eg, mutilation of the clitoris)
- Reduce the consequences arising sexual area of physical or mental disabilities
- Reduce the impact of treatment and surgeries on sex life
- Access to knowledge and information related to the body and its response to sexual pleasure
- Recognition of the value of sexual pleasure throughout life responsibly and considering the respect for the rights of others
- Promote safe sex and responsible
- Promote mutual sex, honest and enjoyable consent for both
- Living with gender equality
- Living without discrimination based on gender
- Have respect and acceptance
On sexual orientation and gender identity
- Living without discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity.
- Living with the freedom to express orientation or gender identity in a safe environment
On the emotional attachment
- Having experience in relationships that do not explode, violate or manipulate humans.
- Have the necessary information to help choosing options to form a family or choose a lifestyle.
- Promote social skills that enhance personal relationships; decision making, interpersonal communication, assertiveness and negotiation, among others.
- Respectful and responsible expression of love or divorce
- Make conscious, informed and responsible decisions on the issue of reproduction
- Having responsible attitude reproduction regardless of age, sex or marital status
- Having availability of medical care in the area of reproductive health
- Having the possibility of safe motherhood
- Having prevention and care in case of infertility