Author: healthinclude

Chile Immigration Regulations

Chile Immigration Regulations

Immigration / immigration

Foreigners can get an immigrant visa in Chile if their activity contributes to the welfare and development of the country. The immigration permit is only granted to members of a professional group that is considered to be in short supply in Chile (e.g. technicians, academics and highly qualified craftsmen) and is issued by the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

If you want to live in Chile for a longer period of time, have copies of your certificates, birth certificates, passport photos and similar documents (or their translation) certified by the Chilean embassy in your country in advance.

Immigration opportunities

Changes in the near future – see article Chile – on the way to a new immigration law

Temporary residence visa “Residentes Temporarios”

This visa is issued to foreigners who have family ties to Chile, as well as foreign investors (e.g. when buying real estate), researchers, scientists, representatives of religious associations and foreign citizens who are posted by foreign companies and act as technical advisors. Registering a trade is enough.


  • Family ties to Chile: spouses with Chilean citizenship, parents or children of Chilean citizenship, ancestors with Chilean citizenship, spouses and children of foreigners residing in Chile, parents of foreigners of legal age residing in Chile
  • Passport with a period of validity for the requested period
  • Medical health certificate showing that the applicant does not have a contagious disease.
  • Criminal record certificate
  • Application, the reason and the period of time as well as personal description of the applicant and information about the place of residence in Chile. If the applicant is married to a Chilean citizen, the spouse must sign the application (it is also advisable to provide the applicant’s telephone number and the date of travel).
  • Proof of income or assets (low income or pension is enough)
  • 3 passport photos

The processing time is approximately four weeks if the applicant pays the fax fee. After the visa has been issued, there is a period of 90 days to enter Chile. The applicant must collect the visa personally at the consulate. The visa is issued for a maximum of one year. In Chile you can apply for a “permanent residence visa”.

Application cost: $ 75

Student visa “Residentes Estudiantes”


  • Confirmation of admission from the university or the training institution recognized by the Chilean state
  • Proof of financing your livelihood (loan and / or scholarship). Otherwise it must be proven that sufficient means are available to cover the cost of living (proof of income, bank balance, etc.)
  • Affidavit on the basis of which the parents affirm that they will pay for the living costs
  • Passport with a period of validity for the requested period
  • Medical certificate showing that the applicant does not have a contagious disease
  • Criminal record certificate
  • 3 passport photos

The visa is only issued for a maximum of one year. The visa can be extended in Chile. It is not allowed to pursue an employment relationship with a student visa. After the visa has been issued, there is a period of 90 days to enter Chile. The applicant must collect the visa personally at the consulate.

Application cost: $ 75

Visa for foreign workers “Residentes sujeto a contrato” – Contractually obliged foreigners


  • The employment contract
  • Passport with a period of validity for the requested period
  • Medical health certificate stating that the applicant does not have a contagious disease
  • Criminal record certificate
  • Application, the reason and the period of time as well as personal description of the applicant and information about the place of residence in Chile. If the applicant is married to a Chilean citizen, the spouse must sign the application (it is also advisable to provide the applicant’s telephone number and the date of travel)
  • Proof of income and assets

Application cost: $ 75

The employment contract must be signed by the employer in the presence of a notary in Chile and legalized by the Ministry of Foreign Relations. If the contract was signed only by the employer, then the applicant must sign the document in the presence of the Consul of Chile. The applicant must hand over all other documents to the consulate in advance.

The visa is issued for a maximum of two years. If you wish to remain in Chile after two years, you can apply for a permanent residence visa (“Permanencia Definitiva”). After the visa has been issued, there is a period of 90 days to enter Chile. The applicant must collect the visa personally at the consulate.

Further visa options are:

  • “Residentes Oficiales” – diplomats and officials
  • “Asilados Politicos y Refugiados” – political asylum seekers and refugees
  • “Permanencia Definitiva” – permanent residence

Help with immigration

Atalah and Binfa law firm

Mrs. Dr. Monika Broecking works as a German lawyer for the Chilean law firm Atalah and Binfa. She is responsible for the German and English speaking clientele. The firm is based in Pucon, Region IX.

In addition to the legal area, she can bring her many years of experience in Germany as a bank manager, in marketing and as an independent corporate and personnel consultant. In New Zealand, with her company ECC European Consulting Company, she has placed immigrants mainly from Europe in jobs in New Zealand and has worked hand in hand with immigration consultants. She now lives in Chile and brings her extensive professional and private experience as an immigrant to two countries to the advice of her clients.

Miss Dr. Broecking advises on all types of visa applications for Chile, permanent residence permit, application for citizenship, purchase of real estate, investments, assistance in dealing with banks and insurance companies, as well as Germans resident in Chile on legal questions affecting Chile and / or Germany. If you have any initial questions, please contact her free of charge: [email protected]

Atalah y Binfa Abogados
Dr. Monika Broecking
General Urrutia 283 of 47
Pucón / Región de la Araucanía
Tel.: (45) 2441679 / (9) 9 2991742

Move to Chile

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Chile Immigration Regulations

Cost of Living in Denmark

Cost of Living in Denmark

The cost of living is around a quarter to a third higher than in Germany. Copenhagen is one of the most expensive cities in the world. Smaller cities and rural areas are much cheaper.

You would need around € 5,130.05 in Copenhagen to maintain the same standard of living that you could have in Berlin with € 3,700.00 (assuming you rent in both cities).

  • Consumer prices in Copenhagen are 34.74% higher than in Berlin (excluding rent)
  • Consumer prices including rent in Copenhagen are 38.65% higher than in Berlin
  • Rental prices in Copenhagen are 47.25% higher than in Berlin
  • Restaurant prices in Copenhagen are 75.07% higher than in Berlin
  • Food prices in Copenhagen are 28.93% higher than in Berlin
  • The local purchasing power in Copenhagen is 8.70% lower than in Berlin

Average cost of living in Copenhagen (from 06/2020 – 05/2021)

Restaurant Ø € Price € Price from / to
Food, price w. restaurant 17.82 12.10-26.90
Middle class, 3 courses for 2 people. 94.14 65.69-161.38
Local beer, 0.5 l 6.72 4.11 – 8.07
Imported beer, 0.33 l 5.44 5.37-8.07
cappuccino 5.21 3.28 – 6.72
Coca / Pepsi (0.33 l) 3.27 2.00-5.38
Water (0.33 l) 2.60 1.61-4.00
Food Ø € Price € Price from / to
Milk (1 L) 1.33 1.14-1.75
White bread (500g) 2.81 1.34-5.38
Rice (white), (1kg) 2.18 0.94-3.36
Eggs (12) 3.58 2.39-4.84
Local cheese (1kg) 13.00 6.72-34.97
Chicken breast fillet (1kg) 8.52 4.71-12.28
Beef (1kg) 13.27 7.40-22.06
Apples (1kg) 2.63 1.34-4.03
Bananas (1kg) 2.59 1.34-4.03
Oranges (1kg) 2.69 1.34-4.03
Tomatoes (1kg) 4.22 2.62 – 6.72
Potatoes (1kg) 1.89 1.08-2.69
Onions (1kg) 1.44 1.08-2.69
Lettuce (1 head) 1.57 1.34-2.42
Water (1.5 l) 1.16 0.47-2.69
Bottle of wine (middle class) 8.07 5.38-13.45
Local beer (0.5 l) 1.60 0.82-2.69
Imported beer (0.33 l) 2.17 1.34-3.36

Average costs for local transport, utilities, clothing, leisure, education in Copenhagen (from 06/2020 – 05/2021)

Mode of Transport Ø € Price € Price from / to
One-time ticket 3.23 2.02-4.84
Monthly pass 80.69 58.50-107.59
Taxi base amount 6.72 4.71-10.09
Taxi 1 km 1.87 1.21-2.69
Ancillary housing costs Ø € Price € Price from / to
for 85 sqm apartment (electricity, water, garbage, etc. 179.33 105.52-403.46
1 minute prepaid mobile tariff 0.15 0.05-0.16
Internet (60 Mbps or more, unlimited data, cable / ADSL) 33.60 20.17-53.79
Clothes, shoes Ø € Price € Price from / to
Jeans (Levis 501 or similar) 103.32 53.79-134.49
Summer dress (Zara, H&M,… 42.94 17.35-67.24
Nike sports shoes, middle class 111.30 67.24-161.38
Leather business shoes 163.09 107.59-201.73
leisure time Ø € Price € Price from / to
Fitness center, month / adult 38.60 20.17-53.79
Tennis, 1 hour on weekends 30.15 20.15-45.72
a movie ticket 16.14 13.45-20.17
training Ø € Price € Price from / to
Preschool / Kindergarten, private, whole day, monthly per child 417.63 309.32-511.04
International primary school per year and child 11,930.71 4,034.56-20,172.78

Average rental prices / purchase and salaries in Copenhagen (from 06/2020 – 05/2021)

Monthly rental price Ø € Price € Price from / to
Apartment (1 bedroom) in the city center 1,426.62 941.40-1882.79
Apartment (1 bedroom) outside the center 1..120.30 672.43-1,546.58
Apartment (3 bedrooms) in the city center 2,425.06 1,990.38-3,362.13
Apartment (3 bedrooms) outside the center 1,910.59 1,479.34 – 2,420.73
Purchase price of apartments Ø € Price € Price from / to
Price per square meter for an apartment in the city – purchase 6,717.06 5,648.38-8,069.11
Price per square meter – apartment outside the center – purchase 4,668.41 3,765.59-5,782.86
wages Ø € Price € Price from / to
Average monthly salary (after taxes) 3,215.38

Move to Denmark

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Emigration and Living Denmark – Conclusion

High standard of living, proximity to Germany, many opportunities to find a job, high immigrant satisfaction, peaceful, relatively safe from natural disasters, free of nuclear power, many speak German in North Schleswig. However, one should have a good command of DanishThis is about an experience of a German student who emigrated to Denmark to study.

General provisions for travel and residence (until the corona pandemic)

If you are German, Austrian or Swiss, you can stay in Denmark for up to 90 days without a visa. You can enter the country with your identity card or with a passport. Please note that the travel documents are valid for at least 3 months longer than the planned departure time if you continue your journey to Greenland or the Faroe Islands. Children need their own travel documents.

If your stay is not just about vacation, but you would like to explore Denmark as your future adopted home, there is the possibility to initially stay cheaply in a holiday home or holiday apartment (Denmark in a holiday home). A recommended address for a holiday home in Lökken is Interhome. This saves you unnecessarily high costs for a house or a rental apartment. In order to extend your stay to 6 months, you need to register with the residents’ registration office.

You will be granted a residence permit for more than 6 months if you can provide evidence of an employment contract or – in the case of self-employed work – corresponding evidence of this. You can apply for a Danish residence or work permit online at

Speaking Danish is an advantage when immigrating to Denmark. Take enough time to learn Danish at home. You can find more information about Danish courses on the website of the Danish Embassy.

Test here for free how well you speak and understand Danish (takes about 3 minutes).

If you are looking for a suitable apartment to rent, you will surely find it on the BoligPortal. It has existed for 20 years and is Denmark’s largest rental property platform. A special service of the portal is that it calls every landlord personally, which means that there are no spam or fake ads.

Cost of Living in Denmark

Current Emigration to Denmark

Current Emigration to Denmark


Area: 42,921 km²
Residents: 5,748,769 (2018)
Population density: 134 E / km²
Form of Government: Parliamentary hereditary monarchy
System of Government: Parliamentary democracy
Neighboring countries: Sweden, Germany
Capital: Copenhagen National
Language: Danish
81.5% Protestant,
3% Muslim,
0, 6% Catholics,
0.26% Jehovah’s Witnesses
Currency: Danish krone (DKK)
1 Danish krone = 100 ore
Exchange rates:
1 EUR = 7.44 DKK
1 DKK = 0.13 EUR
1 CHF = 6.85 DKK
1 DKK = 0.15 CHF
(rate from 13.07.2021)
Telephone area code: +45
Time zone: UTC +1

In 2020, 1,479 Germans officially emigrated to Denmark and 785 came back to their homeland. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 12,708 Germans officially emigrated to Denmark and 8,445 moved back to Germany. This landed this coastal country on the remarkable 6th place on the satisfaction list of all emigration destinations. In 2020 there were officially 26,135 Germans living in Denmark, most of them on the border with Germany.

In 2017, 11.5% of the population was born abroad. Most come from Scandinavian countries, followed by immigrants from Turkey and Eastern Europe. The official language is Danish. German is recognized as the only minority language. Dialects such as Sønderjysk and Bornholmsk are spoken in some parts of the country. English is the most important foreign language in Denmark, but French still has some influence. About 90% of the students learn German as a second foreign language at least temporarily.

Denmark is divided into the following five regions with a total of 98 municipalities: Nordjylland (Northern Jutland and the islands of Vendsyssel-Thy, Mors and Læsø), Midtjylland (central part of Jutland), Syddanmark (south of Jutland and the island of Funen), Hovedstaden (northeast Zealand with the capital Copenhagen and the island Bornholm) and Sjælland (large part of the island Sjælland and the islands Lolland, Falster and Møn).

The economic upswing and reforms on the labor market have led to a sharp decline in unemployment since the mid-1990s. The country is climatically very balanced; not too hot summers, but mild winters due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. Due to the islands and the rugged bays, Denmark has a relatively long coastline of 7,314 km.

Work – job offer

Perhaps things are not going as well as one is used to in the Danish labor market, the job satisfaction rate, but it is among the highest in Europe. Denmark’s labor market combines flexibility with social security for all workers. Everyday work is characterized by flat hierarchies, teamwork and relaxed, friendly cooperation.

All Danish employers are legally obliged to provide you with an employment contract. You are entitled to a contract if you have been employed for at least one month and more than eight hours a week.

Denmark has one of the highest wages in the EU. However, these are reduced to a moderate level by high taxes. In many cases it is easy to get a job because there are no bureaucratic hurdles and you do not need a work permit. It should be noted, however, that not all German training courses are recognized here. Before starting work, you should apply for a tax card (e-tax card) from the responsible tax authority. If you do not do this, the employer pays a tax of 60%.

Everyone who works in Denmark pays income tax. To ensure this, it is necessary to apply for an electronic tax card from the Danish Customs and Tax Administration (SKAT). Without this tax card, the employer will automatically deduct 55 percent tax from your salary. You can find more detailed information on applying for the tax card at

As an EU, EEA or Swiss citizen, the step into self-employment is made easy. To do this, you need to register your company with the Danish Commerce and Companies Agency. You can do this online at (this page only exists in Danish).

There is a particular need for skilled workers in the catering, agriculture and healthcare sectors. Craftsmen, construction workers and engineers are also wanted. The employment office or the central office for job placement and the European Employment Services (Eures) can help with the job search.

If you pay into Denmark’s unemployment fund yourself, you can also take advantage of Denmark’s extensive unemployment insurance, as the following graphic shows (unfortunately only in English at the moment). If you click on the graphic, you will find more information in English on the website.

As in Germany, there is a statutory health insurance requirement in Denmark if you have a job. In comparison to Germany, however, Denmark only has state health insurance. To take advantage of this, you should register with the residents’ registration office as soon as possible and apply for a health insurance card. Since the exhibition can take some time, you should cover yourself with a foreign health insurance for the transition period.

Homeschooling, homeschooling, free learning

An increasingly popular alternative to normal school attendance is homeschooling (home tuition or home tuition) or free learning (unschooling). In Denmark, home schooling is legally controlled by the school as an alternative to the compulsory public school system. Inspections are mandatory every year unless specific arrangements have been made.

One possibility to be examined is to have the children taught at home in German by the Wilhelm von Humboldt Online Private School. This means that children can be taught according to the German curriculum by teachers who are accredited in Germany and thus be prepared for the secondary school leaving certificate and the Abitur – information HERE.

Current Emigration to Denmark

Central America Business

Central America Business

The level of economic development in the individual countries is very different. The Caribbean island states achieve the highest incomes: With a gross national income (GNI) per capita of US $ 21,310 (2015), the Bahamas are at the forefront thanks to lively tourism and internationally networked financial services. With a GNI of (2015) US $ 12,050 per inhabitant, Panama is at the top of the Central American countries. In contrast, Haiti, with a GNI per capita of US $ 880, is not only one of the poorest countries in Central America, but also in the world.

Tropical agriculture with the cultivation of sugar cane, bananas, coffee, cocoa, tobacco, pineapples, sisalagaves, cotton, spices and citrus fruits is still the main livelihood of the population in some states in Central America and West India (including Haiti, Nicaragua). It is largely determined by the plantation economy, which dates back to the colonial era and which in some cases expanded in the 20th century. Coffee is an important export item for almost all Central American countries. Bananas are mainly grown in Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala and Honduras. After the Second World War, Cuba lost its leading role in the cultivation of sugar cane; Although it has one of the largest cultivation areas in the world, its production share is only a few percent today. Shrimp and others

The main mineral resources are crude oil (Mexico, Trinidad), iron, copper, manganese ores (Cuba, Mexico) and bauxite (Jamaica, Hispaniola). The largest silver deposits in Central America are in Mexico, which is the world’s number one in terms of silver production (2014: 5,766 t).

The degree of industrialization varies greatly from country to country: industry, including mining, contributed around a quarter of GDP on average; in Mexico it was 32.7% (2015). The country has a differentiated and highly developed industrial structure and, due to its size, has a special economic position. Mexico is part of the North American Freetrade Agreement [NAFTA], which came into force in 1994. Trinidad and Tobago also plays a special role (44.0% of GDP is generated in the secondary sector) with its significant oil production and processing. On the West Indies, which are dominated by the service sector (e.g. Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia), less than 15% of GDP is generated in the manufacturing sector.

According to COUNTRYAAH.COM, the most important trading partners of almost all countries in Central America are still the USA and the EU; These two economic areas account for over two thirds of total foreign trade. Trade with China is also gaining importance in this region of the world. Trade between the states of Central America is to be strengthened or liberalized through various cooperation agreements. B. Caribbean Community, Latin American Economic System, CAFTA (Central America Free Trade Agreement). The economic objectives of these agreements have so far only partially been achieved. Tourism is of growing importance, especially in the area of ​​the West Indies in the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Jamaica and Barbados as well as in Mexico.

Transport: Mexico has the longest rail network in Central America (approx. 26,700 km). The road network has been greatly expanded since the early 1960s, but it is still very sketchy. The most important connections are sections of the Panamerican Highway in north-south direction. The Panama Canal is of crucial importance for international maritime traffic between the Atlantic and Pacific. The majority of the tonnage of the merchant fleets is therefore attributable to Panama, which, however, is one of the countries with the flags of convenience due to its open shipping register and thus occupies a special position.

Central America Business


The oldest evidence of settlement in Central America (Paleo-Indian period) comes from the Mexican site of Tlapacoya (around 20,000 BC). During this time, the South American area ( America). From about 7,300 BC. The cultivation of cultivated plants can be proven. In the archaic period (8,000–2,500 BC) it can be seen as early as 7,300 BC. Chr. In Oaxaca the cultivation of pumpkins, from 6 500 the cultivation of chillies and avocados prove. The cultivation of maize was particularly important (from 3,500 BC, in the valley of Tehuacán, possibly even earlier). Dating problems arise from the fact that wild forms are difficult to distinguish from cultivated forms. At the same time, the first permanent settlements were formed. The first clay vessels date from around 2,500 BC. BC (Mexico, a little later Belize). From 2,000 B.C. High cultural developments can be observed in Central America, beginning with the Olmecs ( Mesoamerican high cultures ).

History: ( Latin America ).

Central America: state structure (2015)
Country Form of government Area (in km 2 ) Ew. (in 1,000) capital city
Antigua and Barbuda Monarchy 1) 440 91.8 Saint John’s
Bahamas Monarchy 1) 13 880 388.0 Nassau
Barbados Monarchy 1) 430 284.2 Bridgetown
Belize Monarchy 1) 22 970 359.3 Belmopan
Costa Rica republic 51 100 4,807.8 San Jose
Dominica republic 750 72.7 Roseau
Dominican. republic republic 48 670 10 528.4 Santo Domingo
El Salvador republic 21 040 6 126.6 San Salvador
Grenada Monarchy 1) 340 106.8 Saint George’s
Guatemala republic 108 890 16,342.9 Guatemala
Haiti republic 27 750 10 711.1 Port-au-Prince
Honduras republic 112 490 8 075.1 Tegucigalpa
Jamaica Monarchy 1) 10 990 2,725.9 Kingston
Cuba republic 109 890 11 389.6 Havana
Mexico republic 1 964 380 127 017.2 Mexico
Nicaragua republic 130 370 6,082.0 Managua
Panama republic 75 420 3,929.1 Panama
Saint Kitts and Nevis Monarchy 1) 2350 55.6 Basseterre
Saint Lucia Monarchy 1) 620 185.0 Castries
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Monarchy 1) 390 109.5 Kingstown
Trinidad and Tobago republic 5 130 1,360.1 Port of Spain
1) Parliamentary monarchy.

Colonial History of North America

Colonial History of North America

North America borders the Arctic Ocean in the north (latitude 83 ° 07 ′ north, northernmost point of Canada on Ellesmere Island; northernmost point Greenland: latitude 83 ° 39 ′ north), in the east it is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, in the west by the Pacific Ocean. A physical-geographic southern border of North America is often drawn in the area of the isthmus of Tehuantepec, i.e. within Mexico, but culturally Mexico belongs to Latin America. Excluding Mexico, the southernmost point of North America is the southern tip of Florida (25 ° 07 ′north latitude). The distance between the northernmost point on Ellesmere Island and the border with Mexico is around 6,500 km, the east-west extension about the latitude of the island of Newfoundland around 5,500 km as the crow flies. North America has a share of eight time zones.


In addition to Spain, which had initially brought Florida, Mexico and the southwest into its possession, there were mainly Great Britain (including New England) and France (Louisiana) as well as initially the Netherlands (New Netherlands), Sweden (New Sweden) and partly Russia (Alaska) involved in colonization; according to COUNTRYAAH.COM, this had a profound effect on the North American indigenous people. The Indians, involved in colonial rivalries (especially in the Anglo-French struggles in which they took part on both sides), were increasingly displaced from their territories and decimated by wars. On the other hand, the civilizing effect of the European settlement receded strongly (mission attempts, trade, taking over the horse from the Spaniards). From the beginning, the Indians resisted land grabbing and disenfranchisement.

In the 18th century, the dominant position of the British colonies on the east coast, which gradually reached as far as the Appalachians, was secured against the Spanish possessions in the south with the takeover of the two Carolinas (1720/29) and the establishment of Georgia (1732/33) as a defensive border colony. Three regions emerged: 1) New England with its almost entirely English population living in townships (Town) settled, was strongly oriented towards trade and industry and had a high level of education; 2) the Central Atlantic colonies with a strong Dutch-German and Irish-Scottish population, large and medium-sized agricultural holdings and also considerable trade interests; 3) the colonies stretching south from Maryland, in which plantation ownership and monocultures (tobacco, rice, cotton, indigo) predominated and slavery added a strong non-English element to the population.

Although consistently dependent on the British crown or owners (Maryland, Pennsylvania) and thus subject to the central government (Board of Trade) policy aimed at the benefit of the motherland, all colonies achieved a high degree of self-government, with the chambers of representatives of the colonial parliaments becoming increasingly self-confident expanded their position in the political system analogous to that of the British House of Commons. The residents developed an American sense of togetherness; but in 1754 a union of the colonies failed at the Albany Congress. British-French battles over the Ohio Valley triggered the “French and Indian War” (1754–63), which culminated in the conflict of the Seven Years’ War.

Tensions arose from the efforts of the motherland to keep the colonies dependent as suppliers of raw materials and markets for finished goods, but to use them for the defense and administrative burdens (State Revenue Law “Sugar Act”, 1764; stamp duty, 1765; Townshend Acts, 1767 ; Zwangsgesetze, 1774) and their expansion west of the Alleghenies not to be allowed for the time being. Since the colonies had reached a certain maturity in terms of social development, the French threat, if not that of the Indians (“Pontiacs Rebellion”, 1763–66), had ceased in 1763 and provocations on both sides were inevitable (customs policy, Boston Tea Party), the constitutional dispute over the right to tax (“no taxation without representation”) soon led to the independence movement.

The further development of North America was due to the establishment and rapid expansion of the United States of America at the expense of British (1783, Northwest Territory), French (1803 purchase of Louisiana ) and Spanish (1819, Florida), through the establishment of territorial claims in the far Northwest (Oregon) and Winning in the Southwest (1845–48, Mexican War, Texas ; 1853 Gadsden Treaty). The Russian interests (Alaska, seal fishing, East Asia trade) were contractually agreed in 1824 on the northwest coast north of 54 ° 40 ′limited and ended in 1867 with the sale of Alaska to the United States. The rival advance of Canadian and American settlers to the west made it necessary to define borders several times (1818, 1846). In the north of the USA, Canada developed into an independent nation based on the English and French population, which, despite the economic and cultural attraction of the USA, remained part of the Commonwealth.

History of North America

Europe Environment

Europe Environment

The continent’s long anthropic history has left an unmistakable mark on the European environmental balance. Although there are several natural parks which, since the beginning of the 21st century, have aimed to preserve increasingly precarious natural habitats, only at the northern extremities (Scandinavian Peninsula) and eastern (the great Russian plain) are there totally uncontaminated environments. Deforestation threatened Europe before any other area in the world due to early industrialization and, to this day, there are areas, such as Ireland, where the original forest has almost disappeared. On the other hand, starting from the end of the twentieth century, the growing political and cultural sensitivity to environmental issues has produced a reversal of the trend; hence greater attention to the protection of what has remained after centuries of intense exploitation and attempts to protect and repopulate some regions of the continent with native species. This increased sensitivity to environmental issues was one of the secondary effects of the EU enlargement process, which also works to “harmonize” the environmental policies of the member countries. Process, to be honest, characterized by continuous setbacks due above all to the difficulty of reconciling particular interests (those detectable on a national scale, relating to the impact of global decisions on within the individual States) with collective interests (the European dimension of the measures) as well as those of the short and long term (investments in technologies that will bring results only in the long distance in the face of costs and commitments to be incurred by implementing policies with a strong impact on the present). An example of this is the Copenhagen Summit (2009), during which the world was able to observe with how little strength and cohesion the Union manages to make its voice heard in international fora and how difficult it is to identify common positions to support. with conviction. Despite this the Union is able to make its voice heard in international fora and how difficult it is to identify common positions to be supported with conviction. See COUNTRYAAH.COM for more information about Western Europe.

Despite this the Union is able to make its voice heard in international fora and how difficult it is to identify common positions to be supported with conviction. Despite this the green economy it presents itself as a real challenge for the development models of the Old Continent, both from a purely economic point of view and, above all, from the environmental side. In December 2008, the EU approved the so-called “20-20-20 Strategy”, which is a package of policies designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and total energy consumption by 20% by 2020, as well as, by the same date, produce at least 20% of the energy from renewable sources. Since the seventies of the twentieth century, particular attention has been paid to the protection of river waters. The illustrative case is that of the Thames, a literally “dead” river already at the end of the nineteenth century which, thanks to the repopulation process it has undergone, has seen the return of previously disappeared species, such as seals and dolphins. The many kilometers of coastline that border the continent and the overlooking marine environments have also deserved renewed attention. There are over 120 protected areas, of which 50 approx. they are completely marine. Among the various initiatives, the establishment of a “sanctuary” in the sea between Italy, France and the Principality of Monaco, made possible thanks to an agreement between the three states, has taken on particular importance. In this wide arm of the sea there are therefore new and severe rules that prohibit the hunting of cetaceans such as the France and the Principality of Monaco, made possible thanks to an agreement between the three states. In this wide arm of the sea there are therefore new and severe rules that prohibit the hunting of cetaceans such as the France and the Principality of Monaco, made possible thanks to an agreement between the three states. In this wide arm of the sea there are therefore new and severe rules that prohibit the hunting of cetaceans such as the common dolphin (Delphinus delphis) or the sperm whale (Physeter catodon). Nonetheless, uncontrolled fishing to which some species are subjected, such as bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus), endangered. Precisely on this species, for several years, the governments of the Mediterranean countries, although called to take clear positions, have maintained ambiguous attitudes that attract them harsh criticism from environmentalists. Despite the transformations taking place in the European economy and the ever lower weight assumed by manufacturing processes in the chemical and steel sectors, the continent continues to pay for the high rate of industrialization, no less than the consumerism adopted as a habit by now in almost everyone. the countries that make it up. Hence two of the main unresolved issues on the European agenda in terms of environmental protection: air quality (seriously compromised in some areas such as, for example, the Po Valley in Italy) and waste disposal.

Europe Environment

Latin America Religion

Latin America Religion

The dominant religion in Latin America since colonial times has been Christianity, to which around 92.5% of the almost 590 million residents profess: around 80% (in relation to baptism) belong to the Catholic Church (corresponds to 41% of Catholics worldwide), over 10% Protestant and around 7% independent churches (including Pentecostals and charismatics in particular). The proportion of Catholic Christians is, however, much lower, since many baptized Catholics de facto belong to one of the Pentecostal churches and congregations that are numerous today in Latin America (strong growth particularly in Brazil and Guatemala); Religious statistics assume that almost 8% of Latin American Christians have such a »dual membership«. Orthodox (0.18%) and Anglican Christians (0.15%) form one v. a. minority created by migration. The numerically largest Orthodox immigrant communities are in Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Venezuela. The proportion of Christian “fringe groups” (Unitarians, Mormons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, etc.) is around 1.9%. In addition, around 1% of Latin Americans describe themselves as Christians, but do not belong to any denomination.

The largest non-Christian religious minority are Muslims (0.27%); other non-Christian minorities are the Jews (0.16%), Bahais (0.15%), Hindus (0.13%) and Buddhists (0.13%). The Hindus and Muslims make up large population groups in percentage terms in Guyana, Suriname and in Trinidad and Tobago; the numerically largest Jewish communities are in Argentina, Brazil, Mexico, Uruguay and Venezuela. The number of followers of the non-Christian new religions is estimated at 0.3%. There is also – v. a. in Brazil – numerous followers of European Spiritism (Kardecism), the number of which is given as up to 2.26%. The indigenous population mostly belongs to the Catholic Church, but often combines the Catholic practice of faith with elements of the pre-colonial religions, that have survived among parts of the indigenous population (in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Peru). Many Latin Americans of African descent practice as Christians (mostly Catholics) at the same time one of those who originated in Latin America Afro-American religions or take part in some of their cult acts: Umbanda, Candomblé, Macumba and the religion of the Yoruba (Xango) in Brazil; Voodoo in Haiti; the religion of the Yoruba (Santería) in Cuba; Rastafarian in Jamaica. – The number of people who either do not belong to any religion or explicitly describe themselves as atheists is 3.37%. The majority of the population in Cuba does not belong to any religious community.

The Christian mission of Latin America began with the colonial conquest. The Catholic Church was closely associated with the ruling Spanish and Portuguese upper classes, but from the outset campaigned against the practices of the conquistadors and for humane treatment of the Indians as well as Indian protection legislation (B. de Las Casas ; Bull “Veritas ipsa” Pope Pauls III.[1537]). During the five hundredth anniversary of the evangelization of Latin America in 1992, these events also gave the Catholic Church the opportunity to subject the “light and dark sides” of colonization to a critical view. For centuries, the Catholic Church played a key role in determining political life in Latin America. After gaining independence in the 19th century, she supported the Creole aristocracy and the conservative parties. A legal separation of the state and the Catholic Church did not take place in the majority of Latin American states until the 20th century. Today religious freedom is protected by law in all Latin American states; The state religion is still the Catholic denomination in Costa Rica.

Since the 1930s, there has gradually been a conscious awareness of social injustices and a turn to social issues in individual circles of the Catholic Church. This rethinking manifested itself for the first time at the 1st Latin American Bishops ‘Conference in Rio de Janeiro in 1955 (there also founding of the “Latin American Bishops’ Council” [“Consejo Episcopal Latinoamericano”, abbreviation CELAM]; in 1959 the “Latin American Union of Religious” [“Confederación Latinoamericana y Caribeña de Religiosos / as «, abbreviation CLAR]; seat: Bogotá), where individual bishops campaigned for social reforms. This development was reinforced by the Second Vatican Council and the papal social encyclicals.

In the 1960s, according to COUNTRYAAH.COM, groups of priests and laypeople organized in some Latin American countries who campaigned for a change in political and economic structures. Especially under their influence, the course for a reorientation of Latin American theology as liberation theology was set at the Latin American Bishops’ Conferences in Medellín (1968) and Puebla (1979). Since then, Latin American Catholicism has taken on the central concerns of liberation theology and with the base churches Established new church structures, but the clergy (especially the bishops) are still largely conservative and traditional in character. The 4th General Assembly of the Latin American Bishops in Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) in 1992 took place against the background of the church’s 500-year presence in Latin America and was dedicated to the main themes of the new evangelization of the South American continent and inculturation, understood as gaining an unmistakably Latin American church identity. The 5th Latin American Bishops’ Conference 2007 in Aparecida (opened by Pope Benedict XVI.) deliberately placed itself in the series of the previous four bishops’ conferences and took up their main themes from the perspective of Latin American Catholicism at the beginning of the 21st century. The main topics were, against the background of the growing influence of Pentecostal-Evangelical free churches in Latin America (especially in Brazil), the renewal of the profile of the Catholic Church as the national church of Latin America and, with a view to the ecclesiastically unacceptable social division of the Latin American societies, that in the Catholic social teaching established solidarity for the poor. The great importance of Latin America for the Catholic world church as a whole was presented by Pope Benedict his opening speech with the formulation of the “continent of hope”. It may be seen as a tangible expression of this “hope” that the previous Archbishop of Buenos Aires, Jorge Mario Bergoglio, who was elected as his successor after Benedict resigned from office at the beginning of 2013, is not only the first Pope from Latin America, but also with the choice of his Pope’s name, Francis, the church’s concern for the poor has also written very explicitly in the program.

Latin America Religion

The immigration of Protestants to and the Protestant mission in Latin America began in the 19th century. The v. a. Missionary activity originating from North America has resulted in the establishment of numerous Protestant churches and communities, the membership of which has been growing rapidly, particularly in recent times. The Latin American Council of Churches (Consejo Latinoamericano de Iglesias, abbreviation CLAI; seat: Quito), founded in 1982 by over 100 Protestant churches in Huampaní (Peru), has member churches in 20 countries in Latin America. The “Caribbean Conference of Churches”, abbreviation CCC; Spanish “Conferencia de Iglesias del Caribe”; seat: Port of Spain) was founded in 1973 in Kingston (Jamaica) and has 33 member churches. Protestant Episcopal Church of the United States in Central America and the Caribbean and the regional Anglican councils in South America.

EU Economy and Currency

EU Economy and Currency

The economy

In January 2002, the single currency, the euro, definitively replaced the franc, the D-mark, the lira and a number of other national currencies. Not all EU countries could or did not want to abandon such a large part of the sovereignty of the nation state. Sweden, Denmark and the United Kingdom chose not to participate. Six more EU countries are outside the euro because they do not yet meet all the economic conditions. The entry requirements are a low central government debt, balanced central government finances, low inflation, a balanced exchange rate and low interest rates.

The countries that do not participate in monetary cooperation do not participate when the euro zone finance ministers meet to discuss economic coordination once a month. They enter the discussions the next day, when the EU as a whole holds a meeting of finance ministers.

However, according to COUNTRYAAH.COM, all EU countries are part of the EU’s economic union. This has a less mandatory character for non-euro countries, but still establishes a relatively strict framework for all. The euro crisis of 2009 led EU countries to tighten the requirements for good housekeeping.

The economic year for an EU country now looks like this:
In late autumn, the European Commission will present an annual growth report with proposals for priorities for the EU countries’ economic policies. It is discussed by all finance ministers who are expected to start from this when they then lay down national budgets.

At the same time, the Commission publishes the macroeconomic imbalances it has found in the countries that risk developing into a “bubble” and making the economy unstable. The European Commission may choose to initiate a closer examination if a risk to stability is perceived as urgent.

In March, the European Commission will deliver country reports with detailed analysis and forecasts of the economy and potential problem areas.
In April, all EU countries must submit an annual economic plan (“convergence program” for non-euro countries such as Sweden, “stability program” for others) and their national budget bill.

In May, the European Commission will issue tailor – made recommendations to each country with proposals for action. These will be discussed and hammered out by the finance ministers in July.
For the euro countries, monitoring is tougher and a country that does not follow the recommended measures is warned and risks fines.

In October, eurozone countries will have to submit their drafts of next year’s national budget bills. Also these nail polish by the European Commission and can end in recommendations for action. The country being criticized must convince a qualified majority of finance ministers to go against the Commission in order to avoid making corrections.

A rule for national budgets is that expenditure must not increase faster than the country’s medium-term growth, if it is not possible to show income that can match expenditure. Countries with budget deficits should aim to strengthen their structural budget balance annually by 0.5% of GDP.

Euro countries must by law introduce automatic correction if their country’s structural deficit exceeds 0.5% of GDP. The idea is that the EU can allow a little more flexibility if a country has a stable structural basis.

Since the introduction of the euro, the country with a large national budget deficit (3% of GDP) has been closely monitored by the European Commission. The country has short deadlines to solve the problem (normally three months). Following the euro crisis, a similar process was introduced to monitor government borrowing. It strikes if borrowing exceeds 60 percent of GDP.

In general, euro area countries must submit to calls for action to correct a risky situation, while non-euro area countries are not obliged to do so.
Figures, assessments and warnings are always published. The markets usually drive up interest rates for a country that is in a bad situation and this extra pressure is considered a welcome extra help to be able to achieve a strict economic discipline in the EU.


The euro got off to a solid start and, after a few years of a stable exchange rate and low inflation, had established itself as one of the world’s most desirable currencies. But in the wake of the global financial crisis that erupted in full force in 2008, cracks were revealed in the economies of several European countries.

At the beginning of 2008, all euro area countries respected the rule of not having a government budget deficit larger than 3% of GDP. In the summer of 2010, all euro area countries exceeded that limit, as did most other EU countries.

Added to this was the discovery that the euro country Greece had been lying about its economic situation for several years in order to join the eurozone. There was a tumult in the markets and other euro countries were forced to lend money urgently. As a counterclaim, Greece was placed close enough under compulsory administration. The loans that kept the country under wraps were paid out in installments, only after crisis measures had been voted through the Greek parliament.

Ireland then had to ask for support since its government had promised to cover the losses of all Irish banks, which quickly resulted in large gaps in the treasury. After that, it was Portugal’s turn to turn to colleagues for emergency loans.

In the affected countries, people demonstrated against forced cuts and austerity measures. German, Finnish and Dutch voters instead received angry protests against having to help other countries when times were already difficult. It was clear that the relative independence in economic affairs that the euro countries had maintained, despite the single currency, had become unsustainable. When one crashed, the others were dragged along.

EU Economy

Galapagos Islands Part IV

Galapagos Islands Part IV

Isla Lobo (Sea Lion Island)

Lobo means wolf, which refers to the many sea lions that are here (lobos marinos = sea wolves). In addition, a lot of bird life to watch and a little mangroves. It’s a great place to get some great photos of sea lion cubs. In addition, you can snorkel behind the small island, towards the mainland. Here one can be lucky to see many turtles.

Espanola Island

Espanola (Hood Island)

Punta Suarez is considered to be the most all-round representative location in relation to the islands’ distinctive wildlife. Rocks, sandy and pebble beaches form the habitat of the legendary Albatross, which nests in the period from April to December, land and sea iguanas, the endemic Hood mockingbird, Galapagos hawk, Galapagos pigeon, Blue-footed sole, Nazcasule, sea lion colonies and sea turtles. Dry landing in the rubber boats on the rocks by the lighthouse, where we may already be called by sea lions sunbathing on the rocks. On the cliffs, we usually also manage to greet the first scattered smaller colonies of sea iguanas and busy ghost crabs. Exciting longer and a little more physically demanding hike, primarily along the spectacular low and higher rocky coast of “nature trail” with sometimes very uneven ground of larger volcanic rock pieces (here you must not be difficult to walk). Here is rich with the aforementioned classic Galapagos animals on land and at sea and in the air.

On the east side of the island is Gardner Bay, where we with the rubber boats call at the beautiful chalk-white sandy beach, where crowds of sea turtles lay their eggs at night, and are home to a larger sea lion colony, which you can get very close to, as they have a reputation for be the visitors very kindly voted just on this beach. It is often possible to meet the sea lions in the water from the beach on a swim or snorkel trip. The underwater experience is amazing, both on one side and the other side of Turtle Rock, which is a good swim (with fins) off the beach. The farthest part requires 10 minutes for a good swimmer, and here the water is deepest and also most turbulent. On the deeper water there is a good opportunity to snorkel with reef sharks, devil rays (manta) and sometimes you are lucky to experience sea turtles up close.

Punta Suarez Island

This is one of the best places on the Galapagos to see bird life and beautiful scenery. Dry landing in Punta Suarez, with absolutely amazing bird life and many very beautiful sea iguanas. This is where the most colorful sea iguanas are found… and the largest – probably because you are closest to the cold nutrient-rich ocean currents that bring plenty of food (algae). And that is probably also why bird and animal life is rich here.

You see lots of gannets, tropical birds and of course Waved Albatross (the world’s only breeding place and it can only be seen in the period June-December)

Gardner Bay
One of the most beautiful beaches in the Galapagos and with good opportunities for sunbathing, snorkeling for example from the rubber boats at Isla Tortuga (Turtle island) or simply enjoy the many sea lions that fling on the beach or at the water’s edge.

Floreana Island

This island is typically programmatically related to Española and belongs to the southern islands. Floreana is inhabited as one of the few Galapagos Islands.

Post Office Bay , has a historical significance, as whalers in the 18th century established a barrel for mail, where the idea was that the letters should be brought to their destination by other sailors. Today, the barrel is used primarily by aspiring tourists, primarily as a fun historical gimmick. Incidentally, the bay was also the landing site for some of the first settlers on the island, who primarily settled here, as there was a lot of lush and more food than on many of the other islands in the group.

By Punta Cormorant, there is wet landing and warm welcome from the island’s charming and often noisy welcome committee, the resident sea lion colony. Depending on the alpha male’s mood and the number of tiny pups, one can often get pretty close to these magnificent animals and get the most amazing close-up pictures (under the expert guidance of the guide so we do not get too close). From here easy hike on marked trail towards the lagoon, beautifully sandwiched inside between volcanic craters. The lagoon is the habitat and breeding ground for the archipelago’s largest concentration of flamingos and also for many of the islands’ other distinctive waders. One is surprised by the richer plant life, which is a great contrast to the other relatively barren islands. Back on the beach, ghost crabs dart around and the certainty of the many sea turtles that lay their eggs in the fine white coral sand at night bodes well for the snorkeling adventure at Devil’s Crown . Snorkeling here is approaching world class, as we very often encounter shoals of eagle rays (both spotted and golden), sea lions (often with cubs), moray eels, of course sea turtles and occasionally hammerhead sharks. This is in addition to the beautiful corals and “ordinary” colorful fish life, which includes fish, scorpionfish and Galapagos groupers (Bacalao), which are on the IUCN Red List of Endangered Species, just to name a few.

Floreana Island

Galapagos Islands Part III

Galapagos Islands Part III

South Plaza Island

Exciting and closest possible uninhabited island on a day cruise from Puerto Ayora. Plazas are important on eg island hopping trip, primarily due to the land iguanas. The landscape is beautiful with its reddish low vegetation, broken by the large Opuntia cacti. Here is a large sea lion colony that calls us already at the landing site, and the dramatic southeastern rock wall is a nesting place / habitat for all sorts of exciting seabirds with Nazca sole, blue-footed sole, swallowtail gull, and large colony of tropical scraps (shearwater in English), which drones past. There is a fantastic dramatic view to the south, keep an eye out for shoals of large yellow mullets in the surface, and possibly. passing “torpedoes” (tuna and the like), sharks, turtles.

Santa Fe Island

One of the smaller islands located on the southeast side of Santa Cruz. Again one of the denser uninhabited islands, which can also be made on day cruises from Puerto Ayora. Wet landing from the rubber boats on the beautiful beach with chalk-white coral sand, and the noisy sea lion colony form the welcome committee. From here along the marked path into the country and down to the beach on the other side, where there are again many sea lions. One may be lucky to see (harmless) snakes and Galapagos gulls on the hike. Typically, snorkeling from the yacht or inflatable boats is arranged along the cliffs with sea lions and myriads of fish and often eagle rays. If you enter in the middle of the bay, there is a great chance of encountering turtles and reef sharks.

San Cristobal Island

San Cristobal
This is a larger island, furthest to the east, and thus also (according to geology) the oldest (about 4 million years).
Here is Baquerizo Moreno, the capital and the second most important port city, which is also the hub for many multi-day cruises. However, everything is on a pleasantly small scale and with a very charming waterfront and promenade, where all viewing benches are usually occupied on a 24-hour basis by the local… ..sea lions, who hold a long siesta with the most beautiful views. There are just over 5,000 inhabitants, and there is also an airport with connections to Quito and Guayaquil, but there are not always daily departures to Quito. It can be a great solution to fly out to either Baltra or San Cristobal and home from the other island, whether you are expanding your cruise with nights ashore, or are on an exciting island trip. There is an interesting museum / knowledge center within walking distance of the city with excellent posters that tell about the place’s spectacular geology, biology, history, etc. You can snorkel from land,Leon Dormido and Islas Lobos, hiking in the highlands and visits to exciting land turtle project that is somewhat less visited than the pendants on Santa Cruz.

Leon Dormido – Kicker Rock and Islas Lobos
This majestic towering “sleeping sea lion” rock is located a few miles off the coast of San Cristobal, and it is not difficult to guess why it got this name. The cliff is divided in two, and allows for one of the most adrenaline-pumping and fantastic underwater adventures on the islands, namely snorkeling downstream through this natural underwater gorge. It requires really good nerves and swimming / snoring skills, as the boat sails around on the other side and picks up when you are slightly shaken through something. Close contact with eagle rays of half garage door size, many reef sharks, occasionally Galapagos shark (this looks like a real shark, as opposed to the small reef sharks) and hammerhead sharks, as well as sea turtles, just to name the larger species. Eden yacht is licensed for this snorkeling trip as one of the very few yachts that sail the longer cruises. The sister boat Aida Maria does not have, but instead has Lobos Island, which is much easier snorkeling and often the opportunity to snorkel with sea lion females and their young. With extra nights at San Cristobal, a combined snorkeling trip to both of these locations can be purchased. Galapagosh whales are often spotted on their way to the cozy port city of Puerto Baquerizo. Along the coast on the last nautical mile you have large colonies of especially frigatebirds and blue-footed gannets in the binoculars, which lie in nests on the rock walls.

North Seymour Island

This small island is located just north of Baltra and the airport and thus also close to Santa Cruz Island. It has a rich bird life, and especially frigatebirds breed here, and it is the best place in the Galapagos to see male frigatebirds with inflated larynx trying to attract females. In addition, it is an excellent place to see beautiful land iguanas, lots of sea lions, blue-footed gannets and sea iguanas. In the water you can snorkel (if it has not been banned), but it is also a place with current, and then there is a good opportunity to see sharks from the ship. This is a “dry landing”, which can be problematic with swells, etc. In the photo you can see how such a landing takes place in calm weather.

North Seymour Island

Galapagos Islands Part II

Galapagos Islands Part II

Santa Cruz Island (main island in the center)

On Santa Cruz Island is the largest city of Puerto Ayora with 15,000 inhabitants, where also the Darwin Institute is located. The city is the administrative hub of the islands, and is also the primary logistics center for most of the tourism that takes place in the Galapagos. Both day trips to the more nearby uninhabited islands, exciting excursions by land and water at Santa Cruz, as well as cruises often depart from here. There is an excellent paved country road from north to south, which connects the airport at Baltra with Puerto Ayora in the south. There is a reasonably developed agriculture in the lush northern highlands in the zones that are not national park.

Puerto Ayora
The city is divided into two – the tourists’ waterfront and the streets behind and the whole local part that comes in the other blocks further inland. Restaurant and accommodation prices decrease proportionally the more blocks you travel in the city from the waterfront. A cozy, simple and cheap meal from the grill on an inverted beer crate is an option in the more local part, and somewhat more reminiscent of the continent the islands are in, than the very fashionable waterfront. It can be a fun contrast for many to experience the difference. Despite the perpetual urban development, however, it is still possible to see sea lions, sea iguanas and lots of bird life around the harbor. In the water you can be lucky to see sea turtles, rays and sharks, and there is excellent snorkeling a quarter of an hour walk from the center (The pier and the supermarket, El Malecon). There is a small fish market with rapid trade in the morning and morning hours, where a swarm of pelicans hopeful is ready to take away the sad remnants of those trades. Here are cafes with wifi, internet cafes, bars, restaurants and hotels in all price ranges, lots of souvenir shops and jewelry stores. The city is an excellent and a natural stop on an island hopping, as there are a wealth of exciting excursion destinations both on land and at sea. There are also a number of 1-day cruises to uninhabited islands, such as Plazas, Bartoleme and Seymour. The city is also included on the many multi-day cruises, either as a starting or ending point, or in the middle of a longer sailing schedule, as passengers must be collected / delivered and stocked up.

Darwin Institute
This is definitely worth a visit as it is the islands’ scientific and conservation command center where biologists, scientists and volunteers from all over the world work at high pressure. We are introduced to everything from Charles Darwin’s theories to the great ongoing conservation work that is taking place on the islands. The extensive Visitor Center especially offers exciting land turtle rehabilitation projects where there are endemic species from specific islands. Galapagos turtles can grow up to 200 years old (some scientists even reckon they can grow even older). Unfortunately, the star above them all, Lonesome George, passed away in 2012. He was from the island of Pinta, and was known as one of this world’s rarest species. As a curiosity, he can now be seen in a stuffed state at the institute, after the specialists at the New York Museum of Natural History,

The turtle projects in the northern highlands
Great opportunity to experience these magnificent and unique animals in more natural surroundings than at the Darwin Institute. There is always at least 1 in 2 rehabilitation projects open to tourists, and you get the opportunity to get reasonably close to the turtles, but not as close as, for example, Prison Island on Zanzibar, where there are no rules for the animals. It is a fantastic experience and an opportunity to follow an incredibly important conservation project of these rare species, and should not be confused with a raw nature experience in the animals’ natural and undisturbed habitat. The trip to the turtles in the highlands goes through the cultivated part of the Galapagos, with fairly dense populations and their livestock. Many fruits, meat, milk, etc. today come from the islands themselves and are not imported.

The twins / Los gemelos
These are 2 huge depressions in the highlands along the road to Baltra, probably formed by gas leaking from a depot below, so that the area above has collapsed. It is very beautiful nature in the green lush highlands, and interesting bird life, where you bla. Can experience the red flycatcher, the short-eared owl and the Galapagos hawk. There is a hiking opportunity of 1.5 km. path system around the craters.

Bachas Beach
This beautiful natural beach, which with its fine white coral sand forms a nice nesting place for sea turtles, is often our first encounter with the islands’ magnificent natural and exceptional wildlife when embarking on a multi-day cruise directly from the airport at Baltra. There is wet landing from the rubber boats directly on the beach, and then the adventure is shot well and thoroughly. In the lagoon behind the beach there is often a good opportunity to see flamingos and other coastal and wading birds. However, bird life and specific species are seasonal. There are a multitude of pelicans, and you can often be lucky to spot reef sharks very close to land, just as you often come across the sea iguana and the blue-footed sole, both of which must be categorized as “must see” on the islands.

Black Turtle Cove
An absolute highlight of a multi-day cruise. This naturally protected bay, which is closed to visitors from the land side, is already a scenic chapter in itself. Beautifully framed by vast mangrove forest in shades of red, white and black, this adventurous lagoon reveals itself with crystal clear water. Already from the rubber boats, spotted eagle rays, white-tipped reef sharks and sea turtles are spotted, and snorkeling is a chapter in itself. The word world class could come into play in relation to the close experience with these larger sea creatures.

Cerro Dragon
Exciting national park area named after the land iguanas, which can also only be experienced from a multi-day cruise. Once again, fantastic experiences await with dramatic landscapes and distinctive wildlife, such as the very distinctive land iguanas that can only be experienced in quite a few places in the archipelago. The current presence of iguanas can only be attributed to a fantastic piece of conservation work, as virtually all iguanas had been exterminated by ownerless dogs in the area in the late eighties. In 1990, it was decided to remove the dogs, and since then the population has grown. From the beach, follow the 2 km trail system that brings us to the iguanas, via a beautiful saltwater lagoon that forms the seasonal habitat for flocks of flamingos and other waders. We also encounter the endemic Candelabra and Oppuntia cactus along the way on our hike

Santa Cruz Island

Galapagos Islands Part I

Galapagos Islands Part I

The Galapagos Islands are some very adventurous islands, located almost 1,000 km west of Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean. The islands hide an incomprehensible and fascinating wildlife that can be hard to imagine existing on this earth.

The islands consist of 16 larger and 10 smaller islands scattered across the equator. In total, the area of ​​the islands corresponds to 7990 km2, and there are only 25,100 inhabitants. The islands are between 0.7 and 4 million years old and consist almost entirely of volcanoes. Take Tourist Travel to the Galapagos Islands and have an experience of a lifetime.

Darwin and the islands

The islands were discovered way back in 1535. At that time there was no trace of prehistoric habitation. Subsequently, the islands were for several years a base for whalers and pirates until 1835, when Charles Darwin came to the Galapagos Islands.

On the islands, Charles Darwin discovered the amazing wildlife, and this has played an incredibly important role in his theory of the origin of species. Among other things, he experienced how to get really close to the animals, without fear of man.

The Galapagos Islands are a UNESCO World Heritage Site of unique global value. Therefore, it is also only on 5 of the islands that there is habitation today.

Wonderful wildlife

Unique is exactly what one might call the Galapagos Islands. They have a very special wildlife that can only be experienced here. 95% of the reptile species as well as 49% of the terrestrial bird species can only be found in the Galapagos Islands.

Some of the amazing animals you can experience are giant turtles, sea lions, iguanas, penguins and even flamingos. Something even wilder about this is that many of the animals are not particularly afraid of humans, and you therefore get a unique opportunity to get really close to the animals.

It is not only on the surface where you can be surprised by the wonderful islands. Do you enjoy snorkeling or diving, you can experience a fascinating wildlife underwater. Here you can experience both dolphins and various sharks.

Volcanic islands

Since the islands are volcanic islands, there is not much plant growth. Nature consists mostly of cacti and scrub forests. Still, it is something very special to experience, and in fact, 51% of the flowering plants in the Galapagos Islands are found only here.

In addition, several of the volcanoes on the islands are still active. Therefore, you may even be lucky enough to experience the absolutely fascinating sight of an active volcano. The islands are very different, which you will experience with a trip to the Galapagos Islands.

The ecosystem itself on the islands is very fragile. In fact, it is so fragile that you sometimes have to wash the sand off your feet from one of the islands before landing on a new island. This is to prevent the ecosystem and the very special life from being damaged. Join Tourist Travel on an adventure you will never forget.

In short and in general about the Galapagos:

  • Belongs to:Ecuador
  • Location:at Equator approx. 1,000 km off the coast of South America
  • Land area:8,000 km2 (approx. 1/5 of Denmark)
  • Population:20-30,000 (have small farms on the 3 main islands – many acquire through tourism)
  • Highest point:Wolf Volcano on Isabela Island, 1707 m
  • Climate:It is very dry all year round, and by the coast it is basically desert climate. In the highlands it can rain all year round,
    and here it is much far more lush than on the coasts.

There are two periods:

June-December: Cold weather and water, the water between 18-24 degrees and the air a little warmer. Can feel cold, but most of the time comfortable. It can blow more and some benefit greatly from seasickness pills along the way. But there is usually not really bad weather, as we know from Denmark with low pressure, etc.

Best time to visit the Galapagos:

This is a difficult question and it is probably best answered by saying that it is always exciting and beautiful to visit the Galapagos. If you want to swim / snorkel a lot, the warm time with the warm water (approx. 26-28 degrees) may be best, but you can just use a wetsuit otherwise.

If you want to see albatrosses breed, it MUST be in the “cold” time.

But otherwise here is life all year round.

It can get very hot in February / March.

Baltra Island

Baltra is an important logistical hub for most tourists visiting the Galapagos Islands . Here is the Ø group’s main airport, and a number of cruises start from the coast just 5-10 minutes away. Some cruises also start from the islands administrative center and main port, Puerto Ayora, located on the neighboring island of Santa Cruz. From the airport there is a free bus 5-10 min. To the Itabaca Canal, from where people and luggage are sailed 2 min. By flat-bottomed ferry to Santa Cruz. Here you meet a driver associated with the yacht you board in Puerto Ayora or transfer to a hotel in the city. It’s about. 1 hour drive by fine country road.

Baltra Island

Tonga Economy and History

Tonga Economy and History


Tonga depends on outside help

Tonga cannot survive economically as a country and is dependent on help from abroad. Unemployment is high, especially among young people. There are just not many opportunities for work.

Many people make a living from agriculture

Many people are still employed in agriculture or make a living from fishing. All that is exported is agricultural products and fish. But the large fleets that empty the fish stocks in the South Pacific are also causing problems for Tonga. The land that people work often belongs to the nobles or the state. Most do not have their own land. This is unevenly distributed, even if people have actually learned to share.

Above all, tropical fruits such as bananas and coconuts, from which coconut oil is made, and vanilla pods are grown. The people of Tonga also eat sweet potatoes and cassava.

But Tonga not only has to import a lot of food, but also machines, vehicles of all kinds, clothing, oil and much more.

One of the country’s last kings – Tupou IV – and members of his family are said to have weakened Tonga’s economy through opaque deals. In between, for example, Tongan passports have been sold to the Chinese or toxic waste from the United States has been stored in Tonga. Against payment for the royal family, of course.

Natural disasters such as cyclones threaten the small islands

In addition to the economic problems, Tonga ranks second next to Vanuatu on the world risk index for natural disasters. Investing in a country that can be hit by disaster at any time is also a risk for investors. However, tourism is developing very slowly on Tonga, which could become another source of income for the country.

History and Politics

History of Tonga begins with the Lapita culture

People who came from the Fiji or Santa Cruz Islands probably settled on Tonga 3000 years ago. Finds of the Lapita culture on the islands, dating back to the first millennium BC, testify to this settlement. Begins. This culture is best known for certain patterns of pottery. This culture spread throughout the region. There were already relationships with other islands and archipelagos that are now called Samoa or Fiji.

Mighty kings of Tonga

The power of the kings of Tonga grew and spread to neighboring islands. The warriors of Tonga were traveling in canoes, in which more than 100 people could ride. The kings continued to expand their power. It only slowly disappeared in the 16th century.

First European

The Dutch were the first Europeans to come to Tonga. The famous explorer James Cook also stopped by on Tonga. The name “Islands of Friendship” supposedly comes from him because he was so friendly with the residents. However, it is said that they were not that friendly towards the intruders. Again and again, disputes broke out between individual tribes on the islands. But as a colony, Tonga did not want any of the seafaring powers.

Missionaries converted the residents to Christianity

But the Europeans continued to be interested in Tonga. They sent missionaries who once brought Christianity and along the way also brought some political ideas. Ultimately, a constitutional monarchy developed from a tribal principality. The first king was called King George Tupou I and that was in 1875.

In 1900 Tonga became a British protectorate, but the King of Tonga remained the ruler. Tonga was not involved in the turmoil of World War II and after the war it would be a few years before Tonga finally became independent. This happened in 1970. Tonga is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

Kingdom of Tonga: King Tupou VI

King Tupou IV was king after the country gained independence. His power was very great because he appointed ministers and parliament. It was practically impossible to control him because he only filled the relevant positions with people who he thought would definitely support him. The royal family was doing very well, while the people of Tonga became poorer and poorer.

Development of Democracy in Tonga

From 1990 onwards, more and more people demanded democratization of the country. But it was only after the death of Tupou IV., Under his successor, Tupou V., democratic traits could prevail. This gave parliament greater power and ministers not only appointed by the king, but also elected by the people.

King Tupou VI of Tonga

After Tupou V’s death, he was followed by Tupou VI. But the country’s economic situation is still bad. It depends on help from abroad and also on the money sent by the emigrated Tongans. Growing tourism offers a small chance. Above all, he relies on international aid to make the country, which has been affected by climate change, better known.

Tonga History

Environmental Impacts on the Brazilian Coast

Environmental Impacts on the Brazilian Coast

The beginning of Brazilian colonization by the coast determined the formation of the first cities and population centers in this region. The demographic concentration has many stretches with more than 100 inhabitants per km 2 , especially in the Southeast and Northeast stretches. About 22% of Brazilians live by the sea, which is equivalent to more than 35 million people.

The urban concentration on the coast causes serious pollution problems, since almost all the sewage is discharged into the sea by effluents, without any type of treatment. This is one of the factors that contribute to the destruction of estuaries and mangroves – fundamental areas for the reproduction of several marine animals.

There are very few submarine outfalls that release sewage over distances that pose less risk to the population. Ideally, sewage treatment and discharge into water through these outfalls would be ideal .

Real estate speculation causes the expansion of urbanization and the disorderly occupation of natural spaces – in most cases, without the physical structure for such uses – which endanger not only the environment , but also the buildings and the lives of residents.

According to Rrrjewelry, an important part of Brazilian economic production is located in the coastal and marine areas, such as oil and natural gas extraction; industrial activities such as those in the Baixada Santista (SP) – petrochemical and steel industries (Cosipa) -; in addition to the movement of port facilities.

These activities also cause environmental impacts, due to the release of toxic substances into the oceans and accidents with oil spills. Not to mention air pollution as a result of the emission of toxic gases from industries, which affects vegetation, fauna and people in coastal environments.

The city of Cubatão – the main petrochemical and steelmaking hub on the coast of São Paulo – was once considered one of the most polluted in the world, with the air, soil and water channels contaminated by industrial waste. Today, the living conditions of the local population are eased due to government actions that inspect and fine companies that do not follow the current environmental legislation, and the interventions of NGOs – Non-Governmental Organizations – such as Greenpeace, which currently has adopted the strategy of buying shares to force companies to invest in the environment

As a result of urban-industrial expansion, the east coast and the southeast coast, especially the São Paulo strip, are the areas that suffer the most from environmental impacts.

On January 18, 2000, all the newspapers reported yet another “black spill” – a damaged Petrobras pipeline allowed 1.3 million liters of oil to contaminate Guanabara Bay.

The leak lasted 4 hours, but it will take 20 years for nature to return to what it was. The oil kills or weakens fish, poultry, shellfish, coastal vegetation – most forms of life that is the believer. Coral banks take decades to fully recover, because the oil inhibits their photosynthesis and reproductive capacity. The oil adheres to the birds’ wings, preventing them from flying and contaminating their digestive system. The stain also changes the alternating flow of fresh and salt water that produces the richness of the mangroves. Smaller rims can no longer grow and trees, with their roots suffocated, may lose their leaves. As a result, crustaceans that feed on decomposed leaves are in trouble.

Environmental Impacts on the Brazilian Coast

Unfortunately, accidents of this type are common:

  • in the last 30 years, there have been around 150 leaks associated with the Almirante Barroso Maritime Terminal, in São Sebastião – São Paulo coast – due to failures in the pipelines, lack of safety devices on the vessels or problems in the maintenance of ships;
  • in 1978, the Liberian ship Brazilian Marina, contracted by Petrobrás, spilled 6,000 m 3of oil on the beaches of São Sebastião;
  • in April 1999, 6 beaches in the same municipality were affected by an oil spill by a Petrobras emissary;
  • the same company was responsible for the biggest industrial accident in the history of Brazil – a leak followed by an explosion in Vila Socó, Cubatão (SP), which killed 98 people in 1984;
  • in 1975, Petrobras was also involved in the biggest accident in the Guanabara Bay – 5 million liters were spilled by the oil tanker Tarik.
Money and Fund Transfer in Turkmenistan

Money and Fund Transfer in Turkmenistan

According to plus-size-tips, the Turkmenistan currency is the new Turkmenistan manat (TMT). The exchange rate is set by the Turkmenistan Central Bank and has been based on a rate of 3.41 manat per dollar since it was devalued in January 2015. With this exchange rate, the currency is considered significantly overvalued. Accordingly, a lively black market for currency transactions has developed. The deviation from the official exchange rate is between 20 and 100% depending on the season (smaller deviation in summer than in winter), day of the week (the greatest deviation is achieved in the middle of the week) and time (smaller deviation at noon than in the morning).

In the course of the current economic crisis, the TMT on the black markets fell significantly in value in the course of 2017 and is currently 4 to 7 TMT per US dollar, depending on the region and negotiating skills. Taking into account the associated (considerable!) Risks, visitors can therefore significantly reduce the costs of their stay in the country with good negotiations.

However, exchanging money outside of the state-licensed exchange offices and banks is illegal and is severely punished. The risk is incalculable. Accordingly, black market transactions are urgently advised against, despite the tempting exchange rates. In addition, every time you change money, you have to obtain an exchange receipt stating that the exchange has taken place legally. Receipts issued on the black market are often crude forgeries that can hardly be identified as such by the visitor, but unequivocally by the inspectors upon departure and then lead to major problems.

Traders still use the units of the old Turkmenistan manat, but for the sake of simplicity reduced by a factor of 1000. If a trader requests “150” for a product in the bazaar, this can mean 150 TMT (about 44 USD according to the official exchange rate or 25 USD if it was exchanged at a cheap black market rate). As a rule, however, this means 150,000 old Turkmenistan manats and accordingly 30 TMT, which in turn results in a dollar price of 5 to 8 USD. Whether the product offered in the example is offered for USD 5 or USD 44 depends on whether the retailer is calculating in the old or new manat as well as on the honesty and skill of the visitor in exchanging his foreign currency in TMT.

It should be noted that hotels, travel agencies and other service providers are increasingly requesting receipts from state banks for the exchange of currency when paying in TMT.

All foreign currencies must be declared upon entry. It is not allowed to export more foreign currency out of the country than was brought in on entry. The difference between imported foreign exchange and the (lower) sum of exported foreign exchange must be proven by means of exchange receipts during random exit controls. It is essential to keep the exchange receipts issued for every legal exchange of money. These controls can be time-consuming, and a corresponding waiting time should be taken into account when planning the time to cross the border. In line with the increasing discrepancy between the official exchange rate and the exchange rate traded on the street, these controls have been tightened since the beginning of 2015.

Incorrect information in the currency form will be severely punished. The import or export of money that goes beyond the usual needs should be clarified with the Turkmenistan business partners to avoid difficulties.

Almost all payments are made in cash. Very few hotels accept credit cards (VISA, Master Card). Credit cards are unknown outside of these hotels. Dollar bills can be changed at all major banks, euros at the branches of Prezidentbank and some other banks. The commissioned tourism organization can provide information on this. In any case, make sure that the dollar and euro bills are absolutely flawless. The bills will be rejected if they are damaged, discolored or marked. If they show only minor damage or several kinks, it is occasionally possible to exchange at least at a worse exchange rate. All US $ bills printed before 1996 will be rejected without exception. In addition, exchanging US $ 100 bills can be difficult.

The export of manat is not allowed, but is tolerated for the smallest amounts (in the sense of souvenirs)

Outside of Turkmenistan, it is not possible to buy new Turkmenistan manats or to exchange them for other currencies.

The exchange of manat for foreign currency has not been possible without restrictions since 2016. No consistent regulation is currently discernible in this regard. Numerous banks forbid the redemption entirely, some only exchange upon presentation of exchange receipts as proof of legally acquired manat, with some banks the redemption is still successful. In line with the unpredictable development, it is therefore advisable to orient the exchange of foreign currency in manat to actual needs and to exchange them if necessary. The exchange of foreign currency in manat is possible at any time without any problems.

Experience has shown that foreigners can usually still be exchanged for comparatively small sums by submitting the exchange receipts as proof of the previously legal exchange of foreign currency into manats. The exchange receipt will then be canceled according to the amount exchanged.

ATMs are extremely rare. Locations of functioning machines are currently not known.

Due to the constantly changing regulations, no guarantee can be given for this information either. If in doubt, it makes sense to inquire at the tourism agency and the relevant Turkmenistan embassy.


Sign for the Prezidentbank Turkmenistan

Parana, Brazil Overview

Parana, Brazil Overview

Province since 1853, when it was separated from São Paulo, Paraná only became part of the Brazilian economy from the first half of the 20th century, when it became the largest coffee producer in the country. Also benefiting from the influx of European immigrants (Poles, Germans and Italians), the state, at the end of the century, presented a panorama of rapid industrialization and progress in all sectors of social life.

According to, the state of Paraná is located in the southern region of Brazil, where it occupies an area of ​​199,554km2. It is limited to the east with the Atlantic Ocean, to the north with São Paulo, to the south with Santa Catarina, to the northwest with Mato Grosso do Sul, to the southwest with Argentina and to the west with Paraguay. Its capital is Curitiba.


Three climatic types characterize the state of Paraná: the Cfa, Cfb and Cwa climates of the Köppen classification. The Cfa climate, subtropical with well-distributed rains during the year and hot summers, occurs in two distinct parts of the state, on the coastal plain and in the lower portions of the plateau, that is, in its western portion. It registers average annual temperatures of 19o C and annual rainfall of 1,500mm, somewhat higher on the coast than inland.

The Cfb climate, subtropical with well distributed rains during the year and mild summers, occurs in the highest part of the state and involves the crystalline plateau, the paleozoic plateau and the eastern part of the basaltic plateau. Average annual temperatures oscillate around 17o C and rainfall reaches about 1,200mm annually.

The Cwa climate, subtropical with hot summers and dry winters, occurs in the northwestern portion of the state. It is the so-called high altitude tropical climate, because unlike the two described above, which register well-distributed rains throughout the year, it presents rainfall typical of tropical regimes, with dry winters and rainy summers. The annual average temperature oscillates around 20o C and the annual rainfall reaches 1,300mm. Almost the entire state is subject to more than five days of frost per year, but in the southern portion and in the higher parts of the plateaus there are more than ten days. Snow appears sporadically in the Curitiba area.


The drainage network comprises rivers that flow directly to the coast and rivers that flow westward, tributaries of Paraná. The former have short courses, as they are born a short distance from the coast. The longest are those heading for the state of São Paulo, where the waters of the Ribeira de Iguape River will thicken. Most of the state’s surface is thus under the control of the tributaries of the Paraná River, of which the most extensive are Paranapanema, which borders São Paulo, and Iguaçu, which partly borders Santa Catarina and Argentina. The Paraná River marks the western limits of the state, separating it from Mato Grosso and Paraguay.

At the point of convergence of the dividing lines of Mato Grosso do Sul-Paraguay, Paraná-Mato Grosso do Sul and Paraná-Paraguay were the falls of Sete Quedas, formed by the Paraná River when descending from the basaltic plateau to the gorge that led to the platinum plain. In 1982 two jumps were submerged, under protest from environmentalists, by the lake of the Itaipu dam. Further south, the Iguaçu River also descends from the basaltic plateau towards the same gorge. It then forms the falls of Iguaçu, which were not affected by the construction of the dam, since Itaipu is located upstream of the confluence of the two rivers.


High rates of population growth characterized Paraná between the 1940s and 1960s, due to considerable human contingents coming, in large part, from the states of São Paulo, Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul and Minas Gerais. These migratory currents were linked to the expansion, through the territory of Paraná, of agricultural areas in São Paulo and Santa Catarina, which moved in search of still virgin forest soils. The most populated areas of the state are those of Curitiba, from the north and west.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the population of Paraná reached only about 330,000 inhabitants, and in 1950 it was barely more than two million. From that period onwards, there was a rapid urbanization process. Not only has the number of cities increased dramatically, but the most important centers have experienced a sharp increase in population.

Urban network

The largest cities in the state, in addition to its capital, Curitiba, are Londrina, Maringá, Ponta Grossa, Cascavel, Foz do Iguaçu, Guarapuava, Colombo, Paranaguá, Umuarama, Apucarana and Campo Mourão.

The territory of Paraná is located within the area of ​​influence of the city of São Paulo. The metropolis of São Paulo commands the economic life of the state through the urban centers of Ourinhos, in São Paulo, and Jacarezinho, Maringá, Londrina and Curitiba, in Paraná. Ourinhos and Jacarezinho jointly dominate the eastern portion of northern Paraná; Londrina is the center of the region, and Maringá, the western part.

Curitiba serves the rest of the state of Paraná and almost all of the state of Santa Catarina, excluding the Tubarão region in the east and Chapecó in the west. The action of the capital, in its area of ​​influence of Paraná, is felt directly or through the intermediate centers of Ponta Grossa and Pato Branco. The area of ​​direct influence comprises the entire east and southeast of the state. Pato Branco serves the southwestern portion, and Ponta Grossa, the entire center and west.

Parana, Brazil Overview

The Best Street Food Cities in Asia

The Best Street Food Cities in Asia

George Town in Malaysia

George Town in Malaysia

My last three stops are literally being traded as the Mecca of street food . We’ll start with what is probably the best street food city in Malaysia: George Town on Penang in western Malaysia, which has also made it onto the UNESCO World Heritage List.

You should try this:

  • Char koay teow
  • Dim Sum
  • Nasi Kandar
  • Satay
  • Nasi Campur

The city has long been known to foodies and Asia lovers as a top destination for good and above all inexpensive street food, so that George Town has rightly earned a place on the list of the best street food cities. The Malaysian cuisine, which is similar to the Indonesian, has a mix of cultures and tastes ready for you. Indian, Chinese, hot, mild, sweet, sour – in Malaysia it’s definitely the mix that makes the difference. Taste your way through Malaysian cuisine in the buildings called Hawker Center before going on a sightseeing tour of one of the most diverse cities in the country. Tip: Especially at the George Town Festival, which takes place every summer, the whole city is on its feet and shows what it can do culturally. Well then, selera makan yang baik, bon appetit!

Thailand – not only worth a visit in culinary terms

Singapore - the mother of street food

Still popular with foodies despite the ban, Thailand’s capital is Bangkok, where it’s incredibly difficult to escape the delightful smell exuding from the food stalls. According to, at every corner you also come into contact with locals, who like to bring you closer to their culture on this way.

You should try this:

  • Thai curry
  • pad Thai
  • Sticky rice with mango
  • Papaya salad

In this context, I can recommend Bangkok’s night markets , because locals in particular like to eat there. When it comes to the selection of stands, there are now even street food guides who are supposed to make the selection much easier and also give helpful tips on the way so that you know exactly what is ahead of you. In general, it can be said that Thailand’s cuisine scores with freshness, healthy and light ingredients and quick preparation. The different curries are always recommended (have you read my Bangkok tips , do you know what to look for here!), Fried rice or fried noodles with all kinds of vegetables and all kinds of soups. And certainly one or the other is brave enough to do the same giving fried insects a chance. These are considered a delicacy in Thailand and score with their high protein content. Unfortunately, most of the street food stalls in Thailand’s capital, Bangkok, have now been banned by the government . Nevertheless, you can still find the typical food stalls in the back streets of the metropolis. Kor hai mue nee pen mue arhan tea aroi na!

Singapore – the mother of street food

Singapore - the mother of street food

Have you already had to loosen your belt or have you even slipped into your sweatpants? Now it is time to mobilize the last of your strength to pay a visit to THE street food city par excellence.

You should try this:

  • Dim Sum
  • Satay skewers
  • Lor Mee
  • Katong Laksa
  • Curries

We’re talking about Singapore! An annual street food festival, countless guides to help you find the perfect location, huge malls that want to outdo each other in terms of the number of their street food stands. As you can see, everything in Singapore depends on the concept of “food to go”. Here, too, you should try curries, soups and noodles, but also try crabs (served whole) with chilli, “dim sum” (filled and steamed dumplings) or satay skewers with peanut sauce. A poem, I tell you. If you want something to look at with dessert, you should go for Ice Kacang. This “mountain” of all kinds of exotic ingredients gets its bright color from condensed milk, which is dripped over the top together with rose syrup and sarsis syrup. The saying “eat with your eyes” takes on a completely different meaning here, doesn’t it? You should definitely visit Hong Kong Soya Sauce Chicken Rice and Noodle , the cookshop has even been awarded a Michelin star .

That brings us to the end of my street food journey! Surely you were able to collect a few suggestions for your next travel destination and why shouldn’t this time be chosen based on its culinary highlights ? Have you discovered any interesting street food on your travels or do you have a tip for me as to where my next culinary journey should take me? Then always bring it on! Until then I have to get rid of some ballast …

Discoverers and vegetarians listened to and off to Tel Aviv

Now I’m going to Israel, more precisely to Tel Aviv. Tel Aviv is not only an ideal destination to break out of your travel routine, it is also ideal for discovering new, exciting dishes.

You should try this:

  • Falafel
  • Hummus
  • Sabich
  • Shakshuka

Especially the vegetarians among you will find a true paradise here, but all dishes will certainly taste delicious to meat eaters. Falafel in all possible combinations is probably Tel Aviv’s most famous street food and is eaten here almost around the clock.

The fried balls (primarily made from pureed chickpeas or beans as well as spices and herbs) come with tahini (sesame paste) or hummus (chickpea puree) in a flatbread and can then be eaten with pleasure by hand. Sabich actually comes from Iraq, but is also gaining popularity in Israel. Behind this is a pita that is filled with fried aubergines, eggs, pickled cucumbers, onions and hummus, although the composition varies depending on the location and provider. You can find the best at Frishman Falafel & Frishman Sabich near Tel Aviv Port. With this delicacy in hand, you can then look for a quiet place on the harbor promenade and keep an eye on the hustle and bustle of the metropolis.

Climate in the Azores

Climate in the Azores

When is the best time to travel to the Azores?

The best time to travel to the Azores is from June to October. July and August are the sunniest and warmest months of the year and are therefore particularly suitable for a vacation in the Azores. In addition, the least rain falls in these two months.

The climate of the Azores is subject to minor fluctuations. That is why the Portuguese islands are an attractive travel destination all year round . However, the months of June to October are best for a vacation in the Azores. During this period, temperatures averaging 22 to 26 degrees Celsius prevail during the day. The sun shines at least 5 to 8 hours a day. These months are also the best time to travel to the Azores for beach holidays, as the water temperatures are a pleasant 20 to 23 degrees Celsius.

Below you will find out when is the best time to travel to various activities in the Azores. I’ll tell you which islands belong to the Azores and which climate awaits you. You will also receive other important information about the beautiful islands of the Azores archipelago. So you are well prepared for your Azores vacation!

What is the climate like in the Azores?

According to NEXTICLE, the Azores are influenced by the oceanic-subtropical climate . This means that the summers are pleasantly warm without major heat waves and the winters are not too cold. Precipitation can be expected all year round, but it rains less in summer than in winter. The weather in the Azores is often unpredictable. You have to be prepared for pronounced weather changes within a day and for a cloudy sky. The humidity is high all year round. Therefore, it can sometimes be quite humid in summer. Also pack warm clothes to wear, as it is often very windy in the Azores. As a representative for the climate in the Azores, I am providing you with the climate table for Horta on Faial.

This shows that no major fluctuations are to be expected throughout the year. The warmest months are July, August and September. Here the values ​​are between 25 and 26 degrees Celsius. The coldest month is February with temperatures of 11 to 17 degrees, closely followed by January and March. August brings the most sun with 8 hours of sunshine per day. With 3 days per month, the sun is least visible between November and February. The rainiest months are from October to January. On the other hand, it is the driest with 6 rainy days in June and July. The water temperature is due to the warm Gulf Stream enjoyable. The lowest temperature of the Atlantic reaches from February to April with 17 degrees Celsius. The months June to October are most pleasant for swimming. During this time, the temperatures are between 20 degrees in June and November and 23 degrees Celsius in September.

Climate table for Horta

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 17 17 17 18 20 22 25 26 25 22 19 18
Min. Temperature in ° C 12 11 12 13 14 16 18 19 19 16 15 13
Hours of sunshine per day 3 3 4 5 6 6 7 8 6 5 3 3
Water temperature in ° C 18 17 17 17 18 20 21 22 23 22 20 19
Rainy days per month 13 13 12 9 9 6 6 7 10 12 14 13
Precipitation in mm 112 99 80 62 56 48 35 53 90 106 115 114


Every single one of the Azores islands is worth a trip. They are not only different in size and number of inhabitants – São Miguel has over 138,000 inhabitants, on Corvo, in contrast, only 460 people – but also offer activities for different tastes . Divers, hikers, beach holidaymakers and nature lovers feel equally at home in the Azores. The islands are well developed for tourism. However, not many holidaymakers have discovered the Azores archipelago as a travel destination for themselves. Therefore, you can enjoy a relaxing time in the Azores without mass tourism.

What is the climate like in the Azores

In the Azores it is pleasantly warm all year round . Be warned, however: the islands’ weather is inconsistent. Sunshine and rain can alternate several times a day. So pack something warm to wear and a rain jacket. The best time to travel to the Azores is from June to October. During this period you can expect the highest temperatures and the least rain. You now have all the important information about the Azores archipelago. Are you as excited as I am? Then book your Azores vacation and pack your bags. You will spend an unforgettable time there, because the Azores Islands, which belong to Portugal, are definitely worth a trip!

Weather in California

Weather in California

When vacationers think of the weather in California , an image of sunshine, blue sea and warm temperatures often emerges in their minds. But the state doesn’t have year-round sunshine and warm temperatures. Parts of California experience snowfall, while other regions only expect heavy rains during winter. The climate in the north and south differs significantly from the climatic conditions in Death Valley or the Sierra Nevada . Read here what weather awaits you in the California state.

What’s the weather like in Northern California?

What's the weather like in California

Using a climate table for Sacramento, I’ll show you the weather in northern California. This part of the state is part of the Mediterranean climate zone . While the summers are hot and with little rain, the winters in Sacramento are comparatively rainy and mild. The hottest months of the year are July and August with an average of 34 degrees Celsius. These are also the driest months with less than 1 day of rain per month. It gets coolest in December and January with maximum temperatures of 12 degrees Celsius and minimum temperatures of 3 degrees. The sunniest months are June and July with 14 hours of sunshine per day, closely followed by May and August with 13 hours of sunshine per day. Winter brings less sun with it. In December and January, holidaymakers can expect only 5 hours of sunshine per day, in November and February there are 7.

Climate diagram for Sacramento

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 12 16 18 22 27 31 34 34 31 26 17 12
Min. Temperature in ° C 3 5 6 8 10 13 15 14 13 10 6 3
Hours of sunshine per day 5 7 9 11 13 14 14 13 12 10 7 5
Rainy days per month 7 7 7 4 1 1 0 0 1 3 6 7
Precipitation in mm 98 71 65 32 8 3 1 2 9 26 68 65

What is the weather like in southern California?

What's the weather like in California

Representing the weather in southern California, I provide you with a climate diagram for San Diego . During the summer months you will spend your California vacation in pleasant temperatures. The warmest months are July, August and September with maximum values ​​of 25 degrees Celsius. Even at night it is still 19 to 20 degrees Celsius. In winter, the maximum values ​​deviate from the minimum values ​​by up to 10 degrees Celsius. If you’re traveling to San Diego in winter, pack overcoat clothes to avoid freezing in the evening. It gets coldest in January and December with minimum temperatures of 9 degrees Celsius. The most sunshine awaits travelers in July and August. January and December bring the fewest hours of sunshine with 7 hours per day.

According to, the water temperatures of the Pacific in San Diego only reach 21 degrees in August – this is the comfortable temperature for bathing in the sea. Otherwise, the values ​​of the Pacific Ocean move between 15 and 20 degrees Celsius. Therefore, jumping into the water is only recommended for insensitive vacationers. It rains little year round in San Diego. The maximum value is 6 rainy days in February and March. Between June and September it does not rain on an average of any day of the month in the Californian metropolis.

Climate diagram for San Diego

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 19 19 19 20 21 22 25 25 25 24 21 19
Min. Temperature in ° C 9 10 12 13 15 17 19 20 19 16 12 9
Hours of sunshine per day 7 8 8 9 8 8 10 10 8 8 8 7
Rainy days per month 5 6 6 2 2 0 0 0 0 2 3 4
Precipitation in mm 48 33 46 21 6 2 1 4 7 9 38 42

How’s the weather in Death Valley?

The highest temperatures in the whole country await you in Death Valley . The hottest measured value was reached in 1913 and was 56.7 degrees Celsius. In summer the thermometer climbs to over 40 degrees Celsius. The hottest month is July with an average of 46 degrees Celsius. In winter the values ​​are between 16 degrees in December and 21 degrees Celsius in February. At night, temperatures drop to 1 to 4 degrees. It can happen that the values ​​in Death Valley are below 0 degrees Celsius during the cold season. June, July and August bring the most hours of sunshine with itself – 13 in number. The sun shines the least in December with 5 hours a day. In Death Valley there is little rainfall all year round. The maximum value is 3 rainy days per month. May and June are the driest.

Climate diagram for Death Valley

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 18 21 25 30 35 41 46 44 40 31 22 16
Min. Temperature in ° C 1 4 7 10 16 21 25 23 19 12 6 1
Hours of sunshine per day 6 6 9 10 11 13 13 13 11 9 7 5
Rainy days per month 3 3 3 2 1 1 3 3 2 2 2 3
Precipitation in mm 18 20 14 6 4 2 9 9 7 4 13 13

How is the weather in the Sierra Nevada?

The climatic conditions in the Sierra Nevada are very different. At 4,421 meters, the Sierra Nevada is not only the highest mountain range in the USA but also the longest. There is an arctic climate at the heights of the mountain range . In winter it is very cold and there is heavy snowfall. The western and eastern parts of the Sierra Nevada are subject to different climatic conditions. The west is influenced by a maritime climate . Both summers and winters are mild in this region. In contrast, the seasons in the east are clearly pronounced. This part of the Sierra Nevada has a desert climate certainly. The summers are hot there and the winters are cool. The amount of precipitation also varies from area to area. In general, one can say that the high altitudes are more affected by precipitation than the valley regions of the Sierra Nevada. But there is less precipitation in the south than in the north. So it happens that mountains in the south are higher than in the north, but it still rains less there.


Climate in the Dominican Republic

Climate in the Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is located on the Hispaniola peninsula. The south coast borders the Caribbean Sea, the north coast lies on the Atlantic Ocean. The capital is Santo Domingo in the south. The climate in the Dominican Republic is tropical . This means that the temperature fluctuations are small over the course of the year. The average temperatures are around 25 degrees Celsius. However, there are regional differences between the south, the north and the higher altitudes. Since the southern part is on the Caribbean Sea, it is hotter and drier there than in the north. The temperatures in the north are similar to those in the south, although it is slightly cooler in winter. Furthermore, there is higher humidity and more humid weather in the north, as the south is in the rain shadow of the Cordillera Central mountain range. In the higher elevations, such as in the city of Costanza, the average temperatures are around 18 degrees Celsius below those in the south and north. At night it can cool down there to below ten degrees Celsius. Due to the tropical climate, there is a rainy season and a dry season in the Dominican Republic. The respective times differ depending on the region. In addition, the Dominican Republic is located in the catchment area of ​​tropical cyclones, the so-called hurricanes . In the following climate table you can see the weather conditions for the whole year in the capital Santo Domingo on the Caribbean Sea. Similar values ​​also apply to the region on the Atlantic.

Climate table for the Dominican Republic (Santo Domingo)

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 28 29 29 30 30 31 31 31 31 31 30 30
Min. Temperature in ° C 19 19 20 21 22 22 22 23 22 22 21 20
Hours of sunshine per day 6 6 7 7 6 6 6 7 7 6 6 6
Water temperature in ° C 27 26 26 27 27 27 28 28 28 28 27 27
Rainy days per month 7 6 6 7 11 12 11 11 11 11 10 8

The best time to travel to the Dominican Republic

The weather data shows the best travel time for the Dominican Republic for the months of December to April . During this time you can look forward to the best weather conditions for a wonderful beach holiday. In the Austrian winter time, the country is the perfect travel destination to escape the cold temperatures.


Best travel time to Dominican Republic in the monthly overview

  • December: 30 ° C, 6 hours of sunshine, 27 ° C water temperature, 8 rainy days, 79% humidity
  • January: 28 ° C, 6 hours of sunshine, 27 ° C water temperature, 7 rainy days, 78% humidity
  • February: 29 ° C, 6 hours of sunshine, 26 ° C water temperature, 6 rainy days, 73% humidity
  • March: 29 ° C, 7 hours of sunshine, 26 ° C water temperature, 6 rainy days, 75% humidity
  • April: 30 ° C, 7 hours of sunshine, 27 ° C water temperature, 7 rainy days, 76% humidity

During the whole year there are high summer temperatures in the Dominican Republic. However, the period from December to April is particularly popular as the weather is at its most beautiful during these months. With this optimal travel time you have to note that many tourists decide to go on vacation. That brings increased flight and hotel prices as well as full beaches. But also in the other months there are tropical temperatures in the Dominican Republic and it is worth taking a break. However, more rain showers can then occur. If you travel to the Dominican Republic outside of the prime season, the rainy season may be in some regions to rule. That doesn’t detract from your vacation. Because during the rainy season it does not rain permanently, but briefly and heavily. Then the sun shines again, the air is fresh and the vegetation is blooming. The humidity is higher, but those who can physically cope with these conditions do not make any compromises during this time. Important: June to November is hurricane season in the Caribbean and therefore also in the Dominican Republic. The highest chance of being hit by a hurricane is in September and October. However, tropical cyclones rarely occur on the island. Heavy rains, strong winds and storms are more common.

The most popular travel destinations in the Dominican Republic include Santo Domingo in the south, Punta Cana in the east and Puerto Plata in the north. You can now find out when the best time to visit these places is.

The best time to travel to Santo Domingo in the south

According to Insidewatch, the capital Santo Domingo is located in the southern part of the country on the Caribbean Sea. As mentioned, the south of the country is drier and hotter overall. This is especially true for the months of December to May . For this reason, these months are considered the best time to travel to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. The average temperatures over the course of the year are 30 degrees Celsius. At night, temperatures rarely drop below 20 degrees Celsius. The conditions are perfect for bathing in the sea, with an average water temperature of 27 degrees Celsius. The humidity is high at an average of 75% in the best travel time, but lower than in the other months. In the rainy season, it is significantly higher. The rainy season in the south takes place in the months from May to November. This time is generally not recommended as a travel time for Santo Domingo. Temperatures are climbing to their maximum, humidity is extreme and there is a risk of tropical cyclones . Anyone who can physically cope well with these weather conditions will also experience a wonderful beach holiday in the rainy season.

The best travel time for Punta Cana in the east

Punta Cana is the island’s absolute tourist destination. The place is on the east coast and the climate is similar to that in the south. The temperatures are tropical all year round and the water is always wonderfully warm. The average temperature is between 28 and 31 degrees Celsius. In the night of the summer months, temperatures are up to 24 degrees Celsius. Since the months December to April are the driest and with the fewest rainy days, they are considered the best time to visit Punta Cana . In the other months of May to October it rains more often, the humidity is extremely high and the temperatures are hot. The rainy season also characterizes the hurricane season in the Caribbean.

The best time to travel to Puerto Plata in the north

Puerto Plata is located on the north coast of the Dominican Republic. The climate and thus also the best travel time for Puerto Plata influences the Cordillera Central mountain range. Due to rising trade winds, which cool down at higher altitudes, it rains more frequently in the north than in the south. The temperatures in the north are generally a little cooler than in the south, but it is tropically warm all year round. The average temperature in Puerto Plata is 30 degrees Celsius. In the months of December to March, the temperatures are just below that. It is not as hot during this time as from April to November, but the number of rainy days is higher. The rainy season in the north is from November to January. On average there are twelve rainy days during these months. The fewest rainy days fall in the months of February , March and April . Due to this fact, these months are considered the best time to travel to Puerto Plata. You are in the generally best travel time for the Dominican Republic.

Anyone who loves a tropical climate all year round is in the right place in the Dominican Republic at any time. All year round, the daytime temperatures are around 30 degrees Celsius. Sometimes they are lower and sometimes they are higher. The same applies to the temperatures of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic. Because the rainy season prevails in most regions during the summer months, December , January , February , March and April are considered the best time to visit the Dominican Republic. In the north, the ideal travel time is shortened by a few months and is in February, March and April. If you have no problem with short and heavy rain showers on your vacation, the months in the rainy season are also suitable for traveling to the Dominican Republic. If you book your vacation in the rainy season, inform yourself beforehand about the risk of tropical cyclones.

Dominican Republic Attractions

Florida Climate

Florida Climate

Climate table for Florida

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 21 23 25 27 30 32 33 32 31 30 26 24
Min. Temperature in ° C 10 11 14 16 20 23 23 23 22 18 14 12
Hours of sunshine per day 7 7 9 10 10 9 8 8 7 7 6 6
Water temperature in ° C 21 20 21 23 25 27 28 29 28 26 24 22
Rainy days per month 5 6 5 3 5 10 13 14 10 5 4 5

The best time to travel to Florida

The sun shines all year round in the Sunshine State of Florida . In the summer months it is warmest with an average day temperature of 30 degrees Celsius, but the precipitation is highest in these months and there are strong gusts of wind. That’s why the best time to travel to Florida is from late November to mid-May . Average temperatures around 20 to 25 degrees and very little rainfall allow you to have a great Florida vacation in autumn, winter and spring . Depending on the climate zone, there are a few small differences in the average temperatures measured. Therefore, I will show you in the following using climate tables the best travel time for the north, the center and the south of Florida. Find out when a wonderful beach vacation in Miami Beach or the Florida Keys is best possible and when it makes sense to take a city trip to Orlando.

The best months to travel to Florida at a glance:

  • November: 26 ° C, 6 hours of sunshine, 24 ° C water temperature, 4 rainy days
  • December: 24 ° C, 6 hours of sunshine, 22 ° C water temperature, 5 rainy days
  • January: 21 ° C, 7 hours of sunshine, 21 ° C water temperature, 5 rainy days
  • February: 23 ° C, 7 hours of sunshine, 20 ° C water temperature, 6 rainy days
  • March: 25 ° C, 9 hours of sunshine, 21 ° C water temperature, 5 rainy days
  • April: 27 ° C, 10 hours of sunshine, 23 ° C water temperature, 3 rainy days
  • May: 30 ° C, 10h sun, 25 ° C water temperature, 5 rainy days

Climate in Northern Florida: Pensacola, Tallahassee, Jacksonville

Climate table for Jacksonville

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 18 20 23 27 30 32 33 33 31 27 23 19
Min. Temperature in ° C 6 7 10 14 18 21 23 23 20 15 10 7
Hours of sunshine per day 6 7 8 9 10 8 8 8 6 7 6 6
Water temperature in ° C 17 17 18 20 23 26 29 30 29 27 24 20
Rainy days per month 7 7 7 6 7 11 13 12 14 11 6 7

Best travel time for north Florida

According to healthvv, North Florida borders the Gulf of Mexico to the northwest and the Atlantic Ocean to the northeast. To the northwest are Pensacola and the capital of Florida, Tallahassee , among others . To the northeast is the most populous city, Jacksonville . Although it is warm throughout the year in the north, which is best time during the months of March to May. In spring it rains relatively little in the north and there are no hurricanes. Daytime temperatures around 23 to 30 degrees allow great trips. In the summer months of June, July, August and September, maximum temperatures of up to 33 degrees Celsius are reached in the north. With an average of twelve rainy days, precipitation is greatest in the summer months. In the winter months it is relatively warm in northern Florida. In the coldest month, January, maximum temperatures of 18 degrees are measured. At night it can get a bit chilly with an average of six to seven degrees.

Climate in central Florida: Orlando, Kissimmee

Climate table for Orlando

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 24 23 26 28 31 32 33 33 32 29 26 23
Min. Temperature in ° C 9 10 13 15 19 22 23 23 22 19 14 11
Hours of sunshine per day 6 7 8 10 10 9 9 8 8 7 7 6
Water temperature in ° C / / / / / / / / / / / /
Rainy days per month 6 7 7 4 7 13 12 12 10 6 6 6

Best travel time for central Florida

Centrally located in the Sunshine State is the famous city of Orlando . It is particularly popular with tourists because of the world’s largest amusement park, Disney World, and Universal Studios. The best time to travel to Orlando are March, April, September and October. In spring and autumn you can spend a few relaxing days in central Florida. With an average of seven hours of sunshine per day and a temperature of 26 to 32 degrees Celsius, wonderful excursions with the whole family or city trips to neighboring cities are possible. At the best time to travel to central Florida, there is also relatively little rain. There is significantly more precipitation in the summer months, when temperatures rise at the same time.

Climate in South Florida: Miami Beach, Fort Lauderdale, Florida Keys

Climate table for Miami

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 24 25 26 28 30 31 32 33 32 30 27 25
Min. Temperature in ° C 15 15 18 19 22 23 25 25 24 22 19 16
Hours of sunshine per day 7 8 9 10 10 10 10 9 9 9 8 7
Water temperature in ° C 22 22 23 25 27 29 30 31 30 28 26 24
Rainy days per month 5 6 6 6 9 10 13 16 14 11 7 5

Best travel time for Miami and South Florida

Miami is located in southwest Florida and is its most famous city. Located on Biscayne Bay , part of the Atlantic Ocean, Miami has fantastic beaches for an unforgettable beach holiday . Miami Beach is particularly popular for beach vacationers . The climate in Miami is tropical. The summers are hot and humid and the winters are dry and warm. Therefore, the best time to travel to Miami is winter time. In the months of November to April, you can spend a great beach holiday with perfect weather conditions in Miami and the other southern cities of Florida. The rainy season prevails from May to October with an average of 14 rainy days per month. In addition, this time is the Atlantic hurricane season , which leads to squalls in southern Florida. Therefore, summer time is considered the low season in Miami and winter time is considered the high season. This is also reflected in the price for trips to Miami. If you have decided on a Miami vacation, you should definitely make a detour to the neighboring city of Fort Lauderdale . Also known as “the Venice of America”, it particularly shines with the Hollywood district, where you can expect wonderful stretches of beach and a wonderful view.

Climate table for Key West

Jan Feb March Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature in ° C 24 25 26 28 30 31 32 32 31 29 26 25
Min. Temperature in ° C 18 19 20 22 24 25 26 26 25 23 20 19
Hours of sunshine per day 8 9 10 11 11 11 10 10 9 9 8 7
Water temperature in ° C 24 24 24 25 26 27 29 30 29 28 27 25
Rainy days per month 6 6 5 6 7 9 8 9 13 12 9 6

Best time to travel to the Florida Keys

The islands at the southern end of Florida are called Keys. The best known are the Florida Keys as they are connected by 42 bridges. The island chain ends with the city of Key West , which is particularly popular with beach holidaymakers. The Florida Keys climate is tropical and more similar to the Caribbean than Florida. No wonder, because the Caribbean is not far away. It’s only 140 kilometers from Key West to Cuba. The Gulf Stream brings the warm waters of the Caribbean to the Florida Keys. Therefore, it is on average warmer on the island chain and there is less rainfall than in the other areas of Florida. In Key West, due to its location in the Atlantic Ocean, there are frequent hurricanes in the summer months. It is also the rainy season on the Florida Keys during this time. On average, it rains 40 percent of the days in the summer months from June to September. So the best time to travel to the Florida Keys is autumn, winter and spring. Low precipitation and pleasant warm weather enable you to enjoy a wonderful beach holiday in December, January, February, March, April and May .

Florida Attractions 2

Stockholm Travel Guide

Stockholm Travel Guide

Maritime Stockholm is a classic of nearby destinations. Stockholm is a large and international city with excellent shopping and a diverse cultural life. Located on the shores of the Baltic Sea, Stockholm is a city that is familiar to many Finnish tourists. Good connections and a similar culture make traveling easy.


Stockholm is an archipelago city

The Swedish capital, Stockholm, is located on the eastern edge of the country on the shores of the Baltic Sea. Stockholm is literally an archipelago city, as it is built on 14 islands connected by 56 bridges. In front of the city opens the Stockholm archipelago of about 24,000 islands.

According to DigoPaul, Stockholm offers a wide range of contrasts. Tourists can walk through the city’s fine area of ​​Östermalm to Södermalm’s weekend street market, and continue their journey towards the tourist-filled old town.

The histories of Sweden and Finland are closely intertwined, as the current neighboring countries have been one and the same state for centuries. Stockholm’s cultural life has always had a huge impact on Finnish culture, and Finnish tourists have remained loyal to the neighboring capital.

Today, more than 700 years old, Stockholm is the largest city in the Nordic countries and is especially known for its design, shopping and nightlife. Stockholm’s most famous places to visit and attractions include the Old Town, Skansen, the Vasa Museum and Junibacken.

Stockholm holiday

Shopping is one of the most popular activities on a Stockholm holiday.

Stockholm’s climate

The climate in Stockholm is similar to that in the coastal cities of Finland. Winters are relatively mild and summers warm. The coldest time in Stockholm is in January – February, when the average temperature is a couple of degrees. The warmest is in June, July and August, when daytime temperatures rise to over 20 degrees.

Many trips are made to Stockholm from Finland, especially in summer, but the city is still a year-round tourist destination. For example, the atmospheric Christmas market attracts Finnish travelers for Christmas shopping.

Take a city break to Stockholm

Stockholm is primarily a city holiday destination, but the city also offers plenty of activities for tourists who need it. In addition to great shopping, interesting museums and a wide range of restaurants, you can climb the rooftops of Stockholm, paddle in the archipelago in front of the city and explore the city’s parks, not forgetting the great sea jogging or cycling routes.

From a Finnish point of view, Stockholm is by no means particularly affordable, but it is also not an expensive city destination. Popular tourist seasons, such as summer and school holidays, are reflected in the price level of hotels in Stockholm, which is also affected by currency fluctuations between the Swedish krona and the euro.

Travel safely and speak Swedish

Stockholm is a safe travel destination, and Finnish tourists do not experience major cultural differences in the city due to the cultural similarity between the countries. However, you should be careful about Stockholm taxis, as the city’s taxis are known for their stick sticks, which can put tourists at an outrageous price for a taxi ride.

Swedish is, of course, spoken in the Swedish capital, but if the second native language is not so fluent that you dare to use it, English will also work well in the city. If you spend a lot of time outside the city center or in places where there aren’t a lot of tourists, it’s worth a few Swedish phrases to recall before your trip.



Stockholm’s Old Town is one of the city’s most popular places to visit.

Flights and trips to Stockholm

Finland has good connections to Stockholm. The most popular and well-established way to move to the neighboring capital is to hop on a ship. In addition to scheduled trips, shipping companies also offer a lot of package tours to Stockholm.

Shipping companies operating in Stockholm include Viking Line and Tallink Silja . Cruise and itinerary prices to Stockholm vary widely, as trips cost around € 30-150, depending on the time and cabin class.

You can also get to Stockholm from Finland by plane. The nearest airport to Stockholm is Bromma Airport, located about ten kilometers from the city. However, most of the flights land at Arlanda, Sweden’s largest and busiest airport, located about 40 kilometers from Stockholm. From the airport, you can reach central Stockholm by bus, Arlanda Express or flat-rate taxi.

Flights to Stockholm are operated by Finnair , SAS and Norwegian . Flights to Stockholm cost around € 30-120. Cheap flights to Stockholm can be conveniently found, for example, with the help of Rantapallo flight search.

Hotels and accommodation in Stockholm

There are hundreds of hotels and other accommodation services in Stockholm. In addition to hotels, you can also live in a hostel, rental apartment or campsite in the Stockholm area. Many of the hotels are located in the city center in the Norrmalm and Södermalm areas.

Stockholm hotels are generally high quality. A hotel night in Stockholm costs on average around 80-100 euros. Many hotels offer discounted rates on weekends, and on weekdays also on weekdays.

If you need slightly cheaper accommodation solutions in Stockholm, hostels, hostels and camping sites are affordable accommodation.

Getting around Stockholm

It is easy to get around Stockholm on foot or by rented bicycle. Many of the city’s attractions are within walking distance.

For slightly longer journeys, you can get around Stockholm by bus, metro and local train. Located right in the city center, Stockholm Central Station is the city’s metro, bus and local train hub.

A one-time ticket for a public transport costs about four euros. In addition to single tickets, the traveler can purchase travel cards that include multiple trips or travel dates. More information on train and bus timetables and ticket prices can be found on Storstockholms Lokaltrafik’s website .

If you plan to travel a lot on Stockholm’s public transport, you may want to get a travel card, which is available for either a day, 72 hours or a week. A valid 24-hour travel card goes unlimitedly to all SL’s means of transport and costs about 12 euros.

In the Stockholm area, taxi prices are at the same level as in Finland.

Sweden Travel Information

Sweden Travel Information


When you think of Sweden, you immediately think of red painted wooden houses, picturesque lakes and large forests. As a holiday destination with a great variety of nature experiences, the most densely populated country in Scandinavia is an exciting travel destination. According to countryaah, Sweden is a country located in northern Europe.



It rarely gets full, because 10 million people live on the 447,000 square kilometers. On the following pages we have put together a range of useful information about your trip to Sweden. Find out in advance to be well prepared.


Since Sweden is a member of the EU, travelers generally do not need any further identification documents. However, it is advisable to carry an identity card or passport with you for customs controls. You can find out more under the heading Getting to Sweden.


The national language is Swedish, which is one of the North Germanic languages ​​and is closely related to Danish and Norwegian. In addition, English is spoken at a good level by a large part of the population. Read more about this in the section on the Swedish language.


In Sweden you pay with Swedish krona, in Swedish krona (plural kronor, abbreviated SEK or kr), which is divided into 100 ore. International credit cards are generally accepted everywhere. In addition, cash machines are available for collection in front of banks. Cashless payment is very common in Sweden, so that even the smallest amounts can be paid by credit card. You can find out how and when it is best to shop in the section Shopping in Sweden.


Summers in Sweden are short but often warm and sunny; the best travel time is from May to September. In the south of the country, the night lasts a few hours in summer, while beyond the Arctic Circle the sun never sets. Late summer and autumn are considered the wettest seasons.

In the south of the country, the proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf Stream ensure mild temperatures despite the northern location. Malmö has an average of 0 degrees throughout winter. Except in the extreme southwest, snow falls regularly. In the east the winters are colder, so in Stockholm the mean temperature is below freezing from December to February. Lapland and the regions beyond the Arctic Circle have polar climates. The winters are very cold with average temperatures of minus 12 to minus 14 degrees. Lower temperatures are reached again and again. In Haparanda at the northern end of the Gulf of Bothnia, permafrost prevails from November to April. Read more about the climate and the best time to travel to Sweden.


Short for SE by abbreviationfinder, Sweden offers a wide range of events throughout the year. It is best to plan your next visit after the interesting event. We have put together a selection of our event highlights in Sweden for you.


When you think of Sweden, you immediately think of red painted wooden houses, picturesque lakes and large forests. As a holiday destination with a great variety of nature experiences, the most densely populated country in Scandinavia is an exciting travel destination. It never gets full, because 9 million people live on the 447,000 square kilometers.


From the wider archipelago in the south to the Sami areas in Lapland, it is worth getting to know many facets of Sweden. In addition, pulsating metropolises such as Stockholm and Malmö offer the amenities of the big city, such as diverse shopping opportunities in connection with major sights.

Sweden is also ideal for active travelers. Numerous hiking trails and nature parks invite you to go on long tours to be active in the fresh air. In addition, crystal clear rivers and a widely branched water system offer canoeists the best conditions. Those who like things a little quieter look for delicious berries and mushrooms in the woods. And if you fancy a little more company, there are plenty of opportunities in Sweden’s cities to spend the day in museums, galleries and shops.

In the winter months you can also be active in the fresh air. Well-groomed trails invite you to cross-country skiing, in the north of the country there are lifts for downhill skiing. Snowshoe hikes and snowmobile safaris are also enjoying increasing popularity.

Sweden can look back on a varied history and has now become a model for many other countries, especially because of its neutral position in international conflicts and its appreciation of equality. You will get to know the down-to-earth attitude inherent in many Swedes on your trip to Sweden. Find out more about your trip to Sweden in our practical tips for Sweden section.


Ghana As a Tourism Country

Ghana As a Tourism Country

Ghana is in many ways a warm tourist destination. The heat of more than 30 degrees does not compare to the warm kindness of the locals.

Ghana in Western Africa is not one of the most traditional tourist destinations, but Ghana has a lot to offer for those interested in wildlife bonga, the tropics and fiery food, among other things. In Ghana, you can also go on a cruise to the world’s largest dam lake.

Ghana 2

Versatile Ghana

According to countryaah, the Republic of Ghana is a former British colony in West Africa on the Atlantic coast. The country is home to about 24 million people and is bordered by Togo, Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire. The main exports of Ghana, which became independent in 1957, are gold and cocoa, and tourism plays only a small role in the country’s economy.

Ghana is especially known as a cultural and nature tourism destination. Ghana is diverse in its terrain, with deserts and savannas as well as river landscapes and rainforests. Ghana is located in more than one natural park, of which the most significant are Molen and Kakumin national parks.

There are also cultural attractions in Ghana. There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the country: Ghana’s castles and fortresses and the Ashanti buildings. Many tourists start exploring Ghana from the country’s capital, Accra.

Ghana’s climate

Ghana has a tropical warm climate. Daytime temperatures in the country often rise to around 30 degrees and there is little seasonal variation in temperatures.

There are some regional differences in Ghana’s climate. There are two rainy seasons on the coast of the country, spring and autumn. The spring rainy season falls in April-June and the autumn rainy season in September-October. The shorter autumn rainy season does not extend to the central parts of the country. During the rainy seasons, it can rain a lot, especially in the interior of the country.

Friendly Ghana

Short for GH by abbreviationfinder, Ghana is a very friendly country and locals often greet tourists on the street and in the shops. It is very rude not to respond to people’s happy greetings. For example, in the marketplace of the city of Kumas, which is very diverse in terms of population, where goods and food change hands, happy greetings are heard from the right and the left.

In addition to its friendly atmosphere, Ghana is known for its nature. In the country, for example, there is a large dam lake Volta, which is led by a river of the same name. On the Volta River and the islands of Lake Volta, such as Dod, Dwarf and Kporve, tourists can also visit by cruise ship.

Ghana’s Natural Parks offer plenty to see for tourists interested in savannas and rainforests. Ghana is the largest natural park in Mole National Park, but the country also found in numerous other, smaller parks. Many local tour operators and park guides organize nature excursions and sightseeing tours.

Cheap shopping and hot food

Ghana is an affordable country, so shopping is worth it, and especially the food is worth enjoying to the fullest. In Ghana’s shops, you can buy, for example, beautifully patterned local fabric and beautiful handicrafts. The best shopping and the biggest shopping can be found in the capital Accra.

Ghana has plenty of dining options, from hotel restaurants and expensive sophistication to small cupboards and food carts across the street. Ghanaian food is quite hot, so you should taste the snacks carefully at first. In Ghana, you should also try a homemade pit drink.

The busiest nightlife in Ghana is Accra, which has sports bars and Irish pubs along the streets and around the hotel. There are also a few trendy nightclubs in the city.

Good to know about Ghana

Ghana is a peaceful country and its administration is stable. Ghana also has a high standard of living in Africa. As a tourist destination, Ghana is relatively safe, but common sense is always good to follow.

Ghana is fluent in English, whose official language status dates back to British colonial times.

Before traveling to Ghana, it is advisable to visit a doctor to discuss the necessary vaccinations. For example, anti-malarial medication and yellow fever vaccine should be treated before traveling to Ghana.



Flights to Ghana

There are no direct flights to Ghana from Finland, but you can fly to the country via a major European city, such as Brussels or Frankfurt.

Ghana has several airports, but the country is usually reached via Kotoka International Airport. Kotoka Airport is located about ten kilometers from Accra.

Flights to Ghana cost around € 800-100.

Hotels and accommodation in Ghana

Ghana has a lot of good-value and mid-range hotels, especially in major population centers like Accra. The city also has luxury accommodation and five-star hotels. Luxury hotels often have a swimming pool and good facilities.

On average, a hotel night in Ghana costs about 60-80 euros and at its cheapest you stay in the country for 10-40 euros. The level of the cheapest accommodation can be really modest.

Getting around in Ghana

Buses are the most convenient and reliable way to get around Ghana. The bus company Vanef-STC provides connections between major cities and other bus companies operating in the country include OSA, Kingdom Transport Services (KTS), City Express and GPRTU.

If you want to travel to smaller destinations and have good nerves, you should hop on a minibus aboard the tro-tron. The tro-trot does not move according to schedules but on demand, so the cars are packed full of passengers before departure. Finding a tro-tron to the right destination can be difficult for a traveler, so it’s worth asking locals which route takes you anywhere. Tro-trot are a really affordable ride and the shortest trips cost just a few cents. Tro-trots also run in local urban traffic.


The capital of Accra

The capital of Ghana, Accra, is the largest city in the country with a population of a couple of million people. Accra is located on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea. In the city you can visit, for example, the National Museum of Ghana and Christianborg Castle, originally built by the Swedes.

Mole National Park

Mole National Park is Ghana’s largest natural park and it is located in the northwestern part of the country about 670 kilometers from Accra. The park is home to numerous exotic animal species such as elephants and lions. Mole National Park is a popular ekoturismikohde Ghana.

Kakumi National Park

Mole National Park considerably less Kakum is located approximately 170 kilometers from Accra. The park is known for its long suspension bridge, from the heights of which you can observe the animals of the rainforest. The park is home to many species of animals such as monkeys and parrots.

Ghana Fortress

Ghana’s colonial forts were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1979. There are several forts around Ghana. The oldest of the fortresses is the 15th century Elmina Castle, located in Elmina. The most famous of the castles are the castles of Cape Coast and Christianborg.


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The best attractions in Ghana

  1. Mole National Park
  2. Cape Coast
  3. Kumas
  4. Christianborg Castle
  5. Kakumi National Park
Namibia – Known for its Safari Destinations

Namibia – Known for its Safari Destinations

Situated on the edge of two deserts, Namibia charms the traveler with dramatic scenery. There are more than enough popular nature hiking destinations in the country. In addition to wildlife, a tourist interested in culture can also get to know the millennia-old culture.

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A classic of safari destinations

According to countryaah, Namibia is located in southern Africa, bordering Angola, Botswana, South Africa and Zambia. Located on the southwest corner of the continent, the country borders on the western edge of the Atlantic Ocean.

Namibia’s long and multi-stage history is still evident today. The country’s population is ethnically diverse and the influences of German colonization, for example, are particularly evident in the country’s capital, Windhoek. Namibia gained independence from South Africa in 1990.

The landscapes of Namibia are considered by many to be unparalleled and the country is especially known as a destination for safaris and nature trips. Namibia is home to several nature parks and protected areas, including Fisher River Canyon and the prestigious Etosha National Park.

In Namibia which is short for NA by abbreviationfinder, you can also learn about ancient cultures, for example in the petroglyphs of Twyfelfontein.

Heat and drought

Namibia has a predominantly hot and dry climate, with an average daytime temperature of 30 degrees. Indeed, there are two desert areas in the country: the Namib and Kalahari deserts.

The hot rainy season lasts from January to March. The driest, on the other hand, is from July to September. The most pleasant travel time is often between these periods. The best travel time for safari tourism is during the dry season from May to September.

A fabulous safari destination

Nature tourists thrive in Namibia, as the country is especially known for its magnificent safari destinations. There are several nature parks in the country, such as the deserted Namib-Naukluft National Park and the Waterberg National Park, known for its animals.

However, Namibia’s most famous natural park is Etosha National Park, which is over a hundred years old. The large park is one of the most important protected areas in Africa and a popular nature tourist destination.

A popular destination is also the 160-kilometer-long and up to 550-meter-deep Fish River Canyon, one of the largest canyons in the world.

Getting to know Namibia and its natural wonders is advantageous for Finns.

The spectrum of cultures

Surrounded by mountains, the town of Windhoek is the center of Namibia – both geographically and culturally. Namibia is home to 11 ethnic groups whose cultural influences are reflected in the street scene in Windhoek. The special features of the cultures can be explored by visiting the National Museum of Namibia.

Those interested in history can also go hiking in the petroglyph area of ​​Twyfelfontein. The petroglyph area is one of Namibia’s most famous attractions, located in the Kunene region of northwestern Namibia. Among other things, the drawings depicting wild animals are thousands of years old. The area was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2007.


By plane to Windhoek

Most tourists arrive in the country via Hosea Kutako International Airport. The airport is located about 45 km east of Windhoek.

There are no direct flights from Finland to Namibia, but you can fly to the country via Frankfurt, for example. Round-trip flights usually cost just over 1,000 euros.

Accommodation in a hotel and tent

Tourists are offered a reasonable range of accommodation options of different levels, especially in the most popular tourist cities in Namibia. The level of infrastructure in the countryside is not high and finding a quality hotel can be challenging at times.

On safari trips, for example, in Etosha National Park, overnight stays take place in camps. Some of the camps can be used for lodging, while some are for camping. Accommodation in the National Parks area must be booked in advance.

By bus, train or plane

Getting around by bus is affordable in Namibia. Buses run especially between large cities and the capitals of neighboring countries. For example, Intercape Mainilener also offers trips to neighboring countries.

You can also explore Namibia with a rental car, for example. The country’s road network is in fairly good condition. However, when driving in an urban area, it is good to remember to keep the doors locked and use headlights even during the day. In rural areas, especially at dusk, special care must be taken, as wildlife may run down the road.

In Namibia, you can also travel by train. Trans-Namib Railways operates between major cities and stops along the way at numerous small stations. The Desert Express luxury train for tourists runs between the cities of Swakopmund and Windhoek.

Air Namibia offers many domestic flights. Cities in the route network include Tsumeb, Rundu, Katima Mulilo, Luderitz, Swakopmund, Oshakati and Ondangwa.


Namibia Travel Destinations

Namibia Travel Destinations

The capital is Windhoek

The Namibian capital, Windhoek, is located in the central part of the country. The city is still strongly influenced by German colonial rule. Signs of the stages of history can be seen especially in architecture, but also in food culture and language.

In Windhoek you can spend your time visiting various museums. The National Museum of Namibia is housed in Windhoek’s oldest building. Built in the 1890s, the house comprehensively displays material related to the country’s independence aspirations. Another place worth visiting is the Owela Museum, which provides access to Namibia’s natural history.

In addition to local delicacies, the capital also serves international food experiences for the hungry tourist. The most special restaurant is probably Joe´s Beer House, where you have the opportunity to taste some of the animals living in the nature parks. At least ostrich, zebra, antelope and crocodile are available.

Windhoek also has good shopping. There is a wealth of local crafts from leather goods to jewelery. Safari equipment is also easy to replenish in Windhoek’s malls.

Windhoek is a generally safe city. However, tourists are advised to avoid moving alone at night.

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Etosha National Park

Etosha National Park is the most famous nature park in Namibia which is short for NAM by abbreviationfinder. The specialty of the area is a large lake that fills with water during the rainy season and dries for most of the year into a sparkling salt desert.

There are dozens of drinking places in Etosha that are great places to play and photograph animals. The nature park is home to numerous species of animals from flamingos and other birds to elephants and giraffes. In the nature park you can also see a rare tapered lip rhino.

There are five camps in the park area. They offer accommodation options from luxury lodges to camping. In some camps you will also find other services such as restaurants. Accommodations should be booked in advance.

More information: Etosha National Park

Fisher River Canyon

Fisher River Canyon is one of the largest canyons in the world. It is also one of the most popular nature destinations in Namibia.

There is an 85-kilometer hiking trail in the canyon, which can be traversed during the winter months, from April to September. It takes about five days to hike the route and it is only recommended for those in good condition. It should be noted that you must register in advance when going to the park. In addition, hiking is only allowed in groups of at least three people, due to poor emergency rescue facilities.

The canyon can also be admired from the vantage points where you can enjoy a picnic. The most popular Lookout is about 10 miles from the main entrance to the park, Hobas. It offers incredible views of the canyon and Hell´s Bend, the most photographed spot in the area.

At the southern end of the canyon are the hot springs of Ai-Ais, whose 60-degree water is believed to have therapeutic effects. It is good for the tourist to note that the Ai-Ais area is closed during the summer months, ie from November to the end of February.


Namibia’s largest coastal city, Swakopmund is a popular travel destination especially among adrenaline-hungry people. In addition to the sea, you can head to the nearby desert with a surfboard. You can also go downhill on the sand dunes and ride an ATV. Parachuting over the desert is also popular.

On the beaches, in addition to worshiping the sun, you can try a paraglider. If lounging in the sun is not attractive, you can also rent a canoe from the beach or go on a cruise to admire the dolphins.

Swapkopumud also offers sightseeing for those who want culture. German influences are very strongly visible in both the architecture and the food supply. History can be explored in the Maritime Museum and in the museum bearing the city’s name.


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Try these in Namibia

  1. Photograph of wildlife in Etosha
  2. Hike in Fisher River Canyon
  3. Museum and shopping tour in Windhoek
  4. Sand surfing in Swakopmund

Cons of Namibia

  1. Remember vaccinations!
  2. No direct flights from Finland
Exotic Tunisia

Exotic Tunisia

Lively Tunisia has oriental exoticism spiced with a touch of African way of life and European culture.

The scents and colors of the old bazaar streets will fill your senses as you step into the oldest parts of the Tunisian city. Beautiful jewelry as gifts and a glass of tea in the shade of the shop sheds – a casual lifestyle suitable for the holidaymaker. Of other Mediterranean destinations, fabulous Tunisia stands out in terms of prices, golf and the Sahara.

A colorful blend of the past and modern times

Nearly 3,000 years ago, the Phoenicians built the mighty city of Carthage on the shores of the Mediterranean. Today, the area is filled with bustling bazaars, upscale golf courses and long sandy beaches. Tunisia is a mixture of modern and past.

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According to countryaah, Tunisia in North Africa is one of the most accessible countries on its continent. It is located on the shores of the Mediterranean between its major neighbors Algeria and Libya.

Due to its location, Tunisia not only mixes time periods but also cultures. The French rule that lasted until 1956 is still evident, especially on restaurant menus. The religion was brought to the country by the Arabs around the 6th century. However, the first residents of the area were Berbers, who still live in the southern parts of the country.

Best time to travel to Tunisia

Tunisia is a fairly small country, but the geographical variations within it are large. The northern coastal resorts have a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and often rainy winters. Once upon a time, the green coast of Tunisia served as a granary for the Roman Empire. In the more mountainous areas of the central part of the country rise peaceful olive groves, which in the south turn into the endless sandy sea of ​​the Sahara.

Finnish tour operators fly holidaymakers to Tunisian holiday paradises almost all year round. The best travel time is late spring and early fall, when the day’s highest temperatures remain at 30-degree splits. Even in the summer months, the degrees remain relatively tolerable thanks to the marine climate. In the autumn, the seawater stays at bathing temperature until November.

Bargaining saves in Tunisia

Tunisia’s price level is affordable compared to other Mediterranean destinations. In hotel restaurants, the price of a meal may rise almost to Finnish readings, but other places to eat are considerably cheaper.

In urban bazaars, avid traders offer stuff ranging from trinkets to valuables. Shopping at them is beneficial as long as you remember to bargain briskly. Popular souvenirs and souvenirs include handmade rugs, silver jewelry, pottery, and copper and brass items. You should also take a moment to admire the colorful and fragrant spice shops.

Experience a varied holiday in the warmth

The white sandy beaches and turquoise sea invite you to laze and relax, but even Tunisia, who is looking for a more active holiday, will not be left cold. The 1,300-kilometer coastline provides a functional setting for water sports, and the lush hinterland of the north attracts horseback riding trips. There are high-quality golf courses near the resorts, the price level of which is clearly lower than in Europe.

Short for TS by abbreviationfinder, Tunisia is also a paradise for the cultural holidaymaker. The country’s long history and unique cultural mix guarantee a diverse range of culturally significant destinations. The most notable of these are the ruins of the former flagship city of Carthage, the impressive amphitheater of El Jem and the old center of the capital, Tunis.

Islamic culture defines Tunisia

Tunisia is a Muslim state, and despite the increase in tourism, it is good for visitors to respect the local culture. Dress that is too revealing attracts unfavorable attention in the city, and religious sites such as mosques cannot be reached by tourists without covering clothing. In the hotel pool and on the beaches, bikinis and swimsuits are of course the right of the holidaymaker.

Alcoholic culture does not include alcohol, so its intake in the country is limited. Hotels and restaurants do serve local wine and beer, but alcoholic beverages are not always available on the shelves of small shops.

In addition to Arabia, French and English are widely spoken in Tunisia. Bazaar merchants are in a class of their own.


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Holiday flights to several destinations

Packed trips to Tunisian beach resorts are sold by many of Finland’s largest travel agencies. Destinations vary slightly between tour operators, but the most popular holiday destinations are Sousse, Hammamet, Monastir and Djerba. Flights and weekly accommodation at the beach resort tax the holiday fund at around 500-1000 euros per adult. By grabbing a sudden departure, the price of the trip drops by as much as half.

There are no scheduled flights from Finland to Tunisia, but by changing to Paris, for example, you can get to the capital Tunis for less than 500 euros.

Getting around Tunisia

Even though you are in a desert state, a camel is not the only travel option. Trains and buses run between the cities, smaller local buses run shorter distances. It is easy and inexpensive to get around by public transport, so if you have enough time, you should hop aboard and explore the neighboring town.

Renting a car is a great way to see Tunisia. Especially in the south, however, care must be taken, as sandy roads may be deceptively soft.

Taxis are cheap in Tunisia. A trip of about five kilometers to the resort costs less than three euros.

Child-friendly accommodation options

Beach resorts offer hotels for many tastes. The offer of Finnish tour operators varies from apartments to all inclusive hotels. There are accommodation for families with children, with pools suitable for the little ones, plenty of program and food for even the most picky tastes.


Tunisian beaches invite you to vacation

The most popular resorts are located on the green coast of the north of the country, offering an interesting combination of history and present. From the white sandy beaches and shiny hotels just a stone’s throw away are the ancient city squares with their fountains.

Of the beach resorts, Hammamet attracts with its long beach and diverse recreational opportunities. More than 3,000 years old, Sousse, on the other hand, enchants with its old town and miles of catacombs. Djerba is the southernmost island in the Mediterranean, with everything you could expect from a beach holiday: white beaches, turquoise sea, chalk-white houses and olive groves.

From a million cities to the desert

There is much more to see in Tunisia than the beaches and bazaars, so a holidaymaker looking to do something should take part in excursions with tour operators or take a trip on their own, for example to the mighty city of Carthage or a desert safari.

Watching the sunset at the end of a camel ride is perhaps one of the finest ways to crown your vacation in Tunisia. The trip also provides an opportunity to visit interesting desert landscapes familiar from, for example, Star Wars movies.

In southern Tunisia, it is not worth ignoring the unique architecture of the Berbers. Among other things, Matmatas’ attraction is the underground dwellings of the indigenous people. Still, some of the Berbers live in these villages, with residential caves engraved on the walls of crater-shaped pits.

The capital of Tunisia, Tunis, is at first glance a modernist city. In the middle of it, however, lies the Medina, an old town designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979. The Medina’s more than 700 monuments, among magnificent mosques and ornate fountains, exude history.


Zimbabwe Travel Guide

Zimbabwe Travel Guide

Zimbabwe’s unique nature is one of the most beautiful in eastern Africa. Despite the difficulties of the recent past, the country has much to offer the tourist.

A destination for the open-minded traveler

According to countryaah, Zimbabwe is located in Eastern Africa. The landlocked state has four neighbors. The country shares a border with Zambia, Botswana, Mozambique and South Africa.

Despite the economic and political difficulties, the culture lives rich and the Natural Attractions attract tourists. Mass tourism has not yet corrupted Zimbabwe, but to find a piece of genuine Africa in the country.

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The most famous natural site in the country is Victoria Falls on the border of Zimbabwe and Zambia. Dr. David Livingstone discovered and named the waterfalls according to Queen Victoria in 1855. About an hour’s drive from Victoria Falls is Zwabwe’s largest national park, Hwange. In the national park you can see The Big Five, the largest wildlife in Africa. A popular nature attraction is also Mana Pools National Park. This park in the north of the country is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Pleasant climate all year round

Short for ZW by abbreviationfinder, Zimbabwe is located in a tropical zone, but due to the altitude, the country is not tropical hot.

The rainy season lasts from November to March. Rainfall usually comes as heavy afternoon drizzle, but sometimes it can last for a few days. Thunderstorms are common and temperatures rotate 25 degrees on either side. It may be 18 degrees in the morning, while in the afternoon the mercury may rise to 32 degrees. Humidity during the rainy season is remarkably high.

The dry season in Zimbabwe is from April to October. In this case, it does not rain at all and the temperatures drop. At night and in the morning, temperatures can drop to as much as five degrees. During the day, however, the sun heats, raising the mercury to 25 degrees.

The best travel time is April-May and August-September. In this case, the days are sunny and the nights bright but cool. Wild animals congregate in drinking places where they are easy to see.

Good to know about Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe is a suitable destination for the open-minded nature tourist. Due to the confusing political and economic history of the country, tourism is a nascent industry.

A Finnish tourist needs a visa to enter the country. It can be requested in advance from the Embassy of Zimbabwe, but it can also be obtained from the airport. It is a good idea to check the delegations for up-to-date price information and requirements well in advance of your trip.

Zimbabwe is at risk for malaria, so medication is recommended. Vaccinations should also be taken care of before the trip. Comprehensive travel insurance is also worth obtaining, as the level of local health care is not very high and serious cases are often taken to South Africa for treatment.

The security situation in Zimbabwe is moderate. Political protests occur and participation should be avoided. However, political violence rarely targets tourists. Pocket thefts occur, so normal vigilance is necessary. Driving alone in the dark should be avoided, as should driving in the dark. It is recommended to make a travel declaration. Up-to-date travel information is available in the Ministry for Foreign Affairs’ press release.


Long flight to your destination

There are no direct flights from Finland to Zimbabwe. You can fly to the capital Harare via the largest airports in Europe. The machine usually needs to be replaced twice. Travel time is about 20 hours depending on stopovers. Round-trip tickets cost 800-1100 euros.

Long-distance travel agencies can be inquired about package tours to Zimbabwe. Often the tours are tours that also visit other favorite destinations in southern Africa.

Accommodation for many tastes

Zimbabwe has accommodation to suit the needs of every traveler.

The budget traveler often has a few dorms to choose from and a host of affordable rooms to choose from. There are plenty of mid-range rooms on offer and they are often of good quality. For more demanding tastes, you can find both luxury hotels and cottages.

The most expensive cottages in the national parks have been built with respect for nature and the environment. There is also a possibility to camp in the park area. Your own tent is convenient to carry, but not essential. There are a variety of restaurants in the national park areas, so you should check the situation in advance and prepare for your own snacks according to the situation.

Getting around Zimbabwe

In large cities, taxis are the most convenient way to get around. Taxis can be conveniently ordered from the hotel reception and are inexpensive. Cars have gauges and most drivers use them. At night, taxis are also the safest way to get around.

Renting a car in Zimbabwe is also possible but expensive. Most who want to rent a car rent it from South Africa and drive across the border. When renting a car, it is advisable to check the condition of the car and the necessary paperwork. Obtaining an international driving license before the trip makes sense, because even if you can drive with a Finnish driving license in principle, the police may fine or demand bribes for the lack of a local card in the event of a stop. It should also be noted that several roads are in poor condition. In addition, the local driving culture may cause hazards.

You can travel between major cities by bus or train. The buses operate according to schedules. There is a choice of local buses as well as luxury buses. Trains mainly run at night, so it makes sense to invest in first class and sleeping space.


Zimbabwe Top Destinations

Zimbabwe Top Destinations


The capital is Harare

The capital of Zimbabwe, Harare, is a more diverse destination. Most tourists stop in town just to continue their journey on safaris. The city offers tourists history and culture as well as a wide range of restaurant experiences.

The city’s specialties include a house where farmers sell tobacco from one broker to another. Tobacco was once one of Zimbabwe’s largest exports, and still from February to August the layers are filled in the mornings with a hustle and bustle described as a stock exchange-like auction.

There is a protected area for injured and orphaned wildlife near the airport, where you can enjoy afternoon coffee or champagne while exploring the animals. The specialty of the place is that children under the age of 12 are not allowed in the area. Advance booking is also desirable.

There are also a few museums in Harare, which store especially art objects and photographs.

Fashion weeks are also held in Zimbabwe. The ex-model from the country, Pricilla Chigariro, has set up an event where African designers will showcase their creations. The event takes place annually at the turn of August-September.

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Lake Kariba

One of the largest artificial lakes in the world serves as a diverse recreation area. The best way to relax on the lake is to rent a houseboat. Fishing is also a popular pastime on the lake. Swimming is not recommended as the lake is home to large crocodiles. Other wildlife such as elephants and buffalo can also be seen on the shores of the lake, as it is adjacent to Matusadona National Park.

Lake Kariba also offers a water route to neighboring Zambia and Victoria Falls. If you are traveling by water to a neighboring country and want to return to Zimbabwe, make sure your visa allows for more entry.

Mana Pools National Park

Mana Pools National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, offers the traveler a holistic experience of wildlife. What makes the park special is that it is not fenced. So elephants may wander past you as you enjoy breakfast.

The park can also be explored on foot. There live a large number of zebras, hippos and crocodiles, as well as lions. When hiking in the park and admiring the animals, it is good to remember that the animals are not only wild but also really fast. Although they rarely attack a person, the danger still exists. Because of this, moving around with a guide is highly recommended.

You can stay in a tent or cottage in the park area. Cottage accommodation is available on many levels, so there is an option for every budget. Some prices include food and accommodation, so it is a good idea to check the booking to make what is included in the price. It is also worth noting that some of the campsites close during the rainy season.

Victoria Falls

The waterfalls, named after Dr. Victoria by Dr. David Livingstone in 1855, are Zimbabwe’s most famous travel destination. The waterfalls are located on the border with Zambia and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The waterfalls are 108 meters high and 1.7 kilometers wide. The traveler experiences a different experience at the waterfalls, depending on the time of year when the waterfalls visit. The best time to visit the waterfalls is from June to September, when there is still plenty of water in the waterfalls, but the water mist does not obscure the visibility. Before the rainy season in early November, the amount of water in the waterfalls decreases and in some places there is no water at all.

On the Zimbabwean side, a Victoria Falls Marathon will be held in the immediate vicinity of the waterfalls. In addition to the full marathon, there is a choice of a half marathon and a distance of five kilometers. The route is relatively flat and the scenery is stunning. The marathon is held annually in June.

Hwange National Park

An hour’s drive from Victoria Falls is Hwange National Park. Founded in 1929, the park is the largest in Zimbabwe. About 100 mammal species live in the area. Elephants and buffaloes are found in exceptionally large herds. The area is also a birdwatcher’s dream, with about 400 different species living there.

You can stay at the campsite in the park. You can choose between tent or cottage accommodation. The main camp also has a restaurant and a grocery store selling basic necessities.

The best time to visit the park is during the dry season, when the animals gather at the drinking spots and getting around the park is easy.


According to countryaah, Zimbabwe is a country located in southeastern part of African Continent. And Zimbabwe is abbreviated as ZI by abbreviationfinder.

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Experience these in Zimbabwe

  1. Admire Victoria Falls and test your endurance with a marathon
  2. Experience wildlife in Mana Pools
  3. Enjoy Harare’s restaurant offerings

The disadvantages of Zimbabwe

  1. No direct flights from Finland
  2. Belongs to the malaria risk area
  3. Pocket thefts are common
Montenegro Travel Destinations

Montenegro Travel Destinations

Montenegro is still a low-cost destination, suitable for many types of travelers. There is plenty to do for active holidaymakers, beach lions, city tourists and motorists alike. Montenegro’s most popular destinations are the coastal towns of Kotor and Budva, as well as the Durmitor National Park near the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina. The capital Podgorica is not yet significantly popular with tourists, but it also offers interesting things to see if you want to get around Montenegro in depth.

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Situated on the Bay of Kotor, Kotor is a popular city destination.

Short for MNE by abbreviationfinder, Montenegro is a country located in Southern Europe according to countryaah.

Cheap accommodation in Montenegro

For the time being, the price level in Montenegro is clearly lower than in Finland, and it is also reflected in accommodation prices. However, tourism is on the rise and as coastal areas prepare to attract five-star holidaymakers with their new hotels, prices may also hurt closer to other Mediterranean destinations.

In addition to hotels, tourists can stay in Montenegro in inns and hostels, but the popular home culture culture in the Balkans can also be great in Montenegro.

The cheapest way to find a good place to stay is to book a room or even an entire apartment from a local for the duration of your stay. It is possible to book the apartment in advance through accommodation services such as Airbnb, but outside the most popular tourist seasons, the reservation can also be left without worries on site.

Hop on the bus or car

The best way to get around Montenegro is by car or bus. There is also a train network in the country, but the trains are quite slow and the network is not very comprehensive. That is why most tourists prefer to use a bus, for example.

Renting a car is also a viable option if your driving experience is sufficient. The mountain roads are quite narrow as well as winding. Montenegrins put their rally driving skills to the test at least as enthusiastically as Finns on sandy forest roads. However, main roads have been commendably developed in recent years and the use of bypasses and speed limits are monitored. Still, the driving style requires the flexibility typical of the Mediterranean region.

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Montenegro has many atmospheric port cities.

Beautiful Kotor is a tourist favorite

The Bay of Kotor, located in the southwest corner of Montenegro and bordering Croatia, is considered one of the most beautiful natural harbors in Europe. The bay consists of several small bays that connect to each other and to the sea through only one narrow canal. The Bay of Kotor is a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its unique nature and nuanced culture. A decent espresso within the walls of the car-free city of Kotor, known for its architecture, comes to mind as a wonderful experience.

Kotor is a historic attraction on the Montenegrin coast and is one of the best-preserved old towns in the region. Medieval architecture is strong in the cityscape of Kotor, and traditional delicacies from different corners of the country – from cheeses and smoked ham to fruit and seafood – are sold daily in the town square.

Historic Budva represents the coastal idyll

One of the most popular beach resorts in Montenegro is Budva, known for its idyllic small old town. The architecture and food culture of the coastal towns show the influence of the Venetian era, and the vegetation is typical of the Mediterranean – palms, eucalyptus, cypresses and mimosa trees thrive on the coast.

Located in the middle of the coast, the Budva Riviera attracts the majority of tourists heading to Montenegro for a beach holiday every year. Historic villages bring depth to the holiday atmosphere, but the area also offers a vibrant nightlife for those who want it.

Durmitor National Park attracts visitors

Durmitor National Park in northern Montenegro impresses with its stunning mountain scenery and diverse activities. Exploring the national park is best done with your own car, and there are also numerous hiking trails for active travelers of all levels.

Hiking is one of the best ways to explore Montenegro’s stunning mountain scenery, and especially in the northern part of the country, the peaks attract enthusiastic climbers. An additional touch to the hiking trip is staying in a mountain cottage with the locals.

Climbing to over 2,000 meters for the first time is a breathtaking experience, and access to the top catches the breath. Around the sky, right at your fingertips and at the same time so infinitely far away. On flowery slopes, only herds of sheep walk in the rhythm of the clouds.


Beautiful beaches are only part of the reason for the growing interest of tourists.

Montenegro 4

The best beach resorts

  1. Bar
  2. Ulcinj
  3. Kotor
  4. Budva

The finest experiences

  1. Drive around the Bay of Kotor
  2. Swim in the clear Adriatic Sea
  3. Hike in Durmitor National Park
  4. Visit the old town of Budva