Tag: Chile

History of Valparaíso, Chile

History of Valparaíso, Chile


The area where Valparaíso was later developed was inhabited before the arrival of the Spanish conquerors by the monkeys, an eminently fishing people who moved from one place to another according to their needs. They had rafts made of wolf skin for fishing and also fed on wild fruits. The monkeys used to fish and gather shellfish and inhabited the slopes of the hills very close to the fishing places and beaches. They practiced barter with the cultures of the interior, especially to obtain pottery, since the collecting peoples are transhumant and generally do not have pottery production. They are also known as shell culture. These were the original residents of Valparaíso who belonged to the southern sector of the Inca empire. The sector that extends between Concón and Punta Duprat, where the Molo de Abrigo is located, was known as Alimapu (‘land destroyed by fire’) by the picunches, while the area where the city later developed was called Quinti l for the monkeys.

Colonial era (16th to 19th centuries)

The official discovery of Valparaíso for Europeans occurred within the framework of the expedition to Chile by the Spanish Diego de Almagro, who in 1534 organized from Cuzco (after “differences” with Francisco Pizarro) his trip to Chile that began on 3 in July 1535, seeking large amounts of gold as the Incas had in the southern country. For this, apart from the land expedition commanded by Almagro, there was a support marine expedition under the command of Juan de Saavedra, which included the Santiaguillo ship. This ship anchored in Quintil Bay in the first days of September 1536 and Saavedra renamed it Valparaíso in memory of his native town in Europe.

Although his mission to find gold in Chile was a resounding failure (and the trip to the country, both outward and return, an ordeal), he discovered to his surprise two Spaniards who were already perfectly settled: Gonzalo Calvo de Barrientos and Antón Closed, both living in the indigenous way in what is now Quillota, in central Chile. Realizing that further south there was cold territory, without gold and populated by hostile indigenous people, Almagro decides to return to Cuzco, where he began a fratricidal fight with Pizarro. In this conflict, Captain Pedro de Valdivia stood out on Pizarro’s side, whose presence helped the subsequent victory over Almagro.

In 1536 the Santiaguillo arrived in the bay of Valparaíso (Quintil), which is part of a flotilla of caravels that brought supplies for the first advance of Diego de Almagro, commissioned by the viceroy of Peru to conquer Chile. The flotilla is in charge of Don Alonso de Quinteros who stops in the bay of Cancanicagua (today Quinteros), advancing the Santiaguillo to the south and is found from land by Don Juan de Saavedra who is recognized as the discoverer of the sector.

Pedro de Valdivia, Spanish conqueror, founded Santiago de Chile in 1541 and the 13 of September of 1544 designates Valparaíso as “natural port of Santiago” and appoints the marine Genovese Juan Bautista Pastene as a first lieutenant in the territorial south and first official public of the Quintil valley.

At his own request, Pizarro granted Valdivia permission to “conquer” Chile. Its first official act was the founding of the city of Santiago de la Nueva Extremadura in 1541, with Valparaíso being designated as its natural port on September 3, 1544.

In 1552, the privileged geographical situation of Valparaíso helped to consolidate the founding process of the new lands granted to the King of Spain, for which, in November 1552, a port was ordered to be built in the bay. A small village begins to grow but its movement and activity are very poor. This is mainly due to the fact that Lima and its natural port, El Callao, important enclaves of the Viceroyalty of Peru, exercise a monopoly that negatively affects the commercial management of Valparaíso.

In 1559. A sketch of the city begins to be outlined, with a chapel rising in the place that today is occupied by the church of La Matriz. At that time, the whole place was very close to the coast and wineries and small houses appeared around it.

At this time, the looting, destruction and deaths caused by pirates were relatively common, especially those of English origin such as: Francis Drake in 1587 or Richard Hawkins at the end of the 16th century.

On 13 September as as 1599 sets sail from Goerce the Dutch privateer Oliver Van Noort. He was the first Dutchman to circumnavigate the world. Van Noort attacked Valparaíso in 1600 burning three ships and capturing three other ships. He acted cruelly executing thirty Spanish sailors who he captured, keeping only one navigator to guide him to Peru, whom he simply threw into the sea when he was no longer useful. Earlier, near Concepción, Van Noort attacked a ship called El Buen Jesús. Before being caught, the captain threw his treasure into the sea and the Dutchman did not know until time after his loss.

In August 1614, the German privateer at the service of Holland George de Spielberg called Joris Van Spielbergen set sail from the port of Texel with a fleet of six ships, who anchored in the port of Valparaíso in 1615.. He had been informed by one of the captains of his ships of the presence of lights and the distant sound of a horn. Two hundred men landed attacking the town made up of three squalid buildings. The Spaniards defended themselves by firing at the landing boats hidden among the cliffs, then starting towards the ravines of the hills. The Dutch embarked and bombarded the beach, thus constituting the first bombardment that Valparaíso suffered.

In 1676 the construction of the Castillo de la Concepción began.

In 1682. One of the major consequences of the visits of corsairs is the declaration of Valparaíso as “Plaza Fuerte”, which begins the construction of several castles and forts. These sites never fired a single shot.

In 1684 the construction of the San José castle began in front of the Valparaíso bay, providing great identity to the sector.

The 8 of July of 1730 occurred a great earthquake of 8.75 on the Richter scale that hit the city of Valparaiso, as well as other places like Santiago and Rancagua. According to sources at the time, it lasted a quarter of an hour and generated a tsunami that affected areas ranging from the Peruvian city of Callao to the north, passing through Valparaíso (so far this is the only destructive tsunami in Valparaíso, flooding an area that goes from La Matriz Church in the south, to the current O’Higgins square in the north), Concepción, until reaching Valdivia in Chile in the south. This tsunami crossed the Pacific Ocean to destroy the Japanese province of Sendai.

The 17 of April of 1791, Ambrosio O’Higgins, Governor of Chile, establishes in Valparaiso the first Cabildo and points to “Nuestra Señora de las Mercedes de Puerto Claro” as the patron saint of Valparaiso. In addition, the name of the patron is proposed as a name for the city. Neighbors do not accept and complain to the King of Spain to keep the name of Valparaíso, which the King ratifies by royal decree of 1802, declaring it an official name.

Valparaíso remained a port town, inhabited sporadically (due to both natural disasters and damage caused by pirates), by no more than five thousand residents practically during all the years of the colonial era, with few houses, a church and a Pierbuilt by private initiative only in 1810, shortly before the de facto independence of Chile.

Due to the above, in Valparaíso, unlike other places in Chile and Latin America with similar antiquity, nothing that was built during the colonial era is preserved. Everything that can be seen in the city today was built after the independence of the country.

History of Valparaíso, Chile

Emigration to Chile

Emigration to Chile

Area: 756,102 km²
Residents: 17,574,003 (in 2017)
Population density: 23 E / km²
Form of Government: Republic
System of Government: Presidential democracy
Neighboring countries: Argentina, Peru, Bolivia Coast
length: 6,435 km
Capital: Santiago de Chile National
language: Spanish
69.96 % Roman Catholic,
15% Protestant,
8.5% agnostic,
2.11% members of other Christian churches,
0.92% Mormons,
0.4% Jehovah’s Witnesses,
0.13% Jews
Road network: 80,651 km (right-hand traffic)
Currency: Chilean Peso (CLP)
1 CLP = 100 Centavos
Exchange rates:
1 EUR = 884.85 CLP
100 CLP = 0.11 EUR
1 CHF = 821.28 CLP
100 CLP = 0.12 CHF
(exchange rate from January 16, 2021)
Telephone area code: +56
Time zones: UTC-4
Mains voltage: 220 V
Seasons: are opposite to those of the northern hemisphere

  • Spring: Sep. until Nov.
  • Summer: Dec. to Feb.
  • Autumn: March to May
  • Winter: June to August

In 2020, 220 Germans officially emigrated to Chile and 589 came back to their homeland. Within the 10 years from 2010 to 2019, 4,492 Germans officially emigrated to Chile and 5,382 moved back to Germany. This page gives an overview of the country and immigration. We go into detail on the following pages.

In recent years, the number of immigrants in Chile has been unusually high. Many people are looking for alternatives to their home country, which is no longer an option for them in the long term. Many countries that are particularly attractive for European emigrants are out of the question because the immigration regulations can hardly be fulfilled for most of those interested. Chile is still a pleasant exception here. A successful application for immigration does not require proof of sufficient knowledge of the national language, nor the submission of a medical certificate of health. The requirements to be met are kept within reasonable limits.

With a population of over 17.5 million, Chile ranks first on the Human Development Index within Latin America. Nevertheless, there is some development potential or a need to catch up compared to the leading European countries. The almost 4,300 km long and an average of only 180 km narrow country is a specialty due to its scenic diversity and beauty. Because Chile has a lot to offer: fantastic beaches on the Pacific Ocean, the mountainous region of the Andes (in winter a paradise for skiers), dreamy islands, part of the Antarctic and the Atacama Desert.

Chile not only offers a very attractive landscape with many different climatic zones, but also extremely friendly, open-minded and fun-loving residents. Due to the historical development of the population, Germans in particular are very welcome. They not only appreciate the quality of German products, but also the reliability, determination and punctuality as a special characteristic of Germans. As an immigrant, it is therefore easy to be quickly accepted in the new community.

Chile certainly cannot keep up with the conveniences that you have taken for granted. But you may come across values ​​that you have long believed lost. Precisely because everything is not yet perfect, there are still many options for offering special products and services. Specialists in medical, technical and scientific professions, experts in IT, as well as well-trained craftsmen in all areas are sought in order to meet the growing demands of the economy.

The Chilean state is paving the way for investors to drive the positive development of Chile forward. It is also worth mentioning that retirees of all ages are welcome. There are even special immigration requirements for this target group. When making decisions, it is important to recognize the special position of Chile in Latin America and not to succumb to prejudice.

Immigration overview

Tourist visa

German citizens can enter the country as tourists for 90 days without the need for a consular visa.

Requirements: a passport that is valid beyond the duration of the stay (at least 6 months) and valid return tickets

Emigration to Chile

Other visas

  • Temporary residence visa – “Residentes Temporarios”
  • Student Visa – “Residentes Estudiantes”
  • Visa for foreign workers – “Residentes sujeto a contrato”
  • Permanent visa who has lived two years temporary visas in Chile and can demonstrate livelihood – “Permanencia Definitiva”

Special features and advantages at a glance

  • Quite uncomplicated and free economy
  • Most progressive country in South America
  • Friendly to foreigners, especially towards Germans
  • Good craftsmen and skilled workers are wanted
  • Nuclear power free
  • Cost of living cheap (LHK-I 72.5)
  • Low population density
  • Great variety of flora and fauna
  • Uncomplicated property acquisition
  • Inexpensive immigration
Chile Immigration Regulations

Chile Immigration Regulations

Immigration / immigration

Foreigners can get an immigrant visa in Chile if their activity contributes to the welfare and development of the country. The immigration permit is only granted to members of a professional group that is considered to be in short supply in Chile (e.g. technicians, academics and highly qualified craftsmen) and is issued by the Chilean Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

If you want to live in Chile for a longer period of time, have copies of your certificates, birth certificates, passport photos and similar documents (or their translation) certified by the Chilean embassy in your country in advance.

Immigration opportunities

Changes in the near future – see article Chile – on the way to a new immigration law

Temporary residence visa “Residentes Temporarios”

This visa is issued to foreigners who have family ties to Chile, as well as foreign investors (e.g. when buying real estate), researchers, scientists, representatives of religious associations and foreign citizens who are posted by foreign companies and act as technical advisors. Registering a trade is enough.


  • Family ties to Chile: spouses with Chilean citizenship, parents or children of Chilean citizenship, ancestors with Chilean citizenship, spouses and children of foreigners residing in Chile, parents of foreigners of legal age residing in Chile
  • Passport with a period of validity for the requested period
  • Medical health certificate showing that the applicant does not have a contagious disease.
  • Criminal record certificate
  • Application, the reason and the period of time as well as personal description of the applicant and information about the place of residence in Chile. If the applicant is married to a Chilean citizen, the spouse must sign the application (it is also advisable to provide the applicant’s telephone number and the date of travel).
  • Proof of income or assets (low income or pension is enough)
  • 3 passport photos

The processing time is approximately four weeks if the applicant pays the fax fee. After the visa has been issued, there is a period of 90 days to enter Chile. The applicant must collect the visa personally at the consulate. The visa is issued for a maximum of one year. In Chile you can apply for a “permanent residence visa”.

Application cost: $ 75

Student visa “Residentes Estudiantes”


  • Confirmation of admission from the university or the training institution recognized by the Chilean state
  • Proof of financing your livelihood (loan and / or scholarship). Otherwise it must be proven that sufficient means are available to cover the cost of living (proof of income, bank balance, etc.)
  • Affidavit on the basis of which the parents affirm that they will pay for the living costs
  • Passport with a period of validity for the requested period
  • Medical certificate showing that the applicant does not have a contagious disease
  • Criminal record certificate
  • 3 passport photos

The visa is only issued for a maximum of one year. The visa can be extended in Chile. It is not allowed to pursue an employment relationship with a student visa. After the visa has been issued, there is a period of 90 days to enter Chile. The applicant must collect the visa personally at the consulate.

Application cost: $ 75

Visa for foreign workers “Residentes sujeto a contrato” – Contractually obliged foreigners


  • The employment contract
  • Passport with a period of validity for the requested period
  • Medical health certificate stating that the applicant does not have a contagious disease
  • Criminal record certificate
  • Application, the reason and the period of time as well as personal description of the applicant and information about the place of residence in Chile. If the applicant is married to a Chilean citizen, the spouse must sign the application (it is also advisable to provide the applicant’s telephone number and the date of travel)
  • Proof of income and assets

Application cost: $ 75

The employment contract must be signed by the employer in the presence of a notary in Chile and legalized by the Ministry of Foreign Relations. If the contract was signed only by the employer, then the applicant must sign the document in the presence of the Consul of Chile. The applicant must hand over all other documents to the consulate in advance.

The visa is issued for a maximum of two years. If you wish to remain in Chile after two years, you can apply for a permanent residence visa (“Permanencia Definitiva”). After the visa has been issued, there is a period of 90 days to enter Chile. The applicant must collect the visa personally at the consulate.

Further visa options are:

  • “Residentes Oficiales” – diplomats and officials
  • “Asilados Politicos y Refugiados” – political asylum seekers and refugees
  • “Permanencia Definitiva” – permanent residence

Help with immigration

Atalah and Binfa law firm

Mrs. Dr. Monika Broecking works as a German lawyer for the Chilean law firm Atalah and Binfa. She is responsible for the German and English speaking clientele. The firm is based in Pucon, Region IX.

In addition to the legal area, she can bring her many years of experience in Germany as a bank manager, in marketing and as an independent corporate and personnel consultant. In New Zealand, with her company ECC European Consulting Company, she has placed immigrants mainly from Europe in jobs in New Zealand and has worked hand in hand with immigration consultants. She now lives in Chile and brings her extensive professional and private experience as an immigrant to two countries to the advice of her clients.

Miss Dr. Broecking advises on all types of visa applications for Chile, permanent residence permit, application for citizenship, purchase of real estate, investments, assistance in dealing with banks and insurance companies, as well as Germans resident in Chile on legal questions affecting Chile and / or Germany. If you have any initial questions, please contact her free of charge: [email protected]

Atalah y Binfa Abogados
Dr. Monika Broecking
General Urrutia 283 of 47
Pucón / Región de la Araucanía
Tel.: (45) 2441679 / (9) 9 2991742

Move to Chile

Compare the costs and save up to 40% on your move. In just 1 minute you can receive the 5 best offers from over 1,000 professional international moving companies for free. Over 200,000 emigrants have successfully used this service so far.

Chile Immigration Regulations

Chile Travel Package

Chile Travel Package

Short for CI by abbreviationfinder, Chile – The land of adventure. South America begins where Panama ends and extends all the way down to Cape Horn where icy winds blow in from Antarctica to the south. 420 km of this stretch is covered by Chile along the west coast towards the Pacific Ocean. In South America you will find, among other things, the tango capital Buenos Aires, Brazil’s endless beaches, the kilometer-long glaciers in Patagonia, Easter Moais and the Inca Empire’s ancient capital, Cusco. It is easy to understand why so many people fall in love with South America. The exotic continent meets all expectations and dreams, whatever you expect or dream of. With Trackers you get a tailor-made program completely according to your own wishes.



In Santiago you will find everything from skyscrapers, subways and stressed people in your career, to cozy bohemian neighborhoods with Chileans from all walks of life. Many have connections to Sweden and it is easy to make new friends even if you do not remember all your school Spanish. Good places to meet people are at one of all the countless cafes where many slip in to grab a café con leche on the way to or from work.

Island Easter Island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean between South America and New Zealand is 400 km from the nearest coast. Rapa Nui, which is its Polynesian name, is an enigmatic place and the theories surrounding its Moais, the giant stone statues that made the island famous, are many. Here you also enjoy breathtaking Polynesian nature with volcanoes and fantastic South Sea beaches.

Patagonia & the
Land of Fire There is a drama and at the same time something extremely peaceful over the landscape in Patagonia. Contrasts and contradictions. It feels familiar and at the same time so fantastically distant. Patagonia and the Land of Fire are a paradise for nature lovers, with snow-capped mountain peaks, intense blue lakes and deep fjords.

Atacama The
desert landscape of northern Chile, near the Bolivian border, is one of the driest desert areas in the world. The Salar de Atacama salt lake is surrounded by geysers and salt mines with the Andes’ peaks in the background. The area is a plateau of salares (salt basins), sand and solidified lava where it never rains, making it the driest place in the world. Atacama’s extreme climate and altitude make the plateau very suitable for astronomical observations.


Explora is a player with a wide range of nature experiences and was founded in 1993. Today, Explora owns and operates hotels and arranges expedition tours in 7 remote locations in South America. The business concept is to offer a new way of traveling based on carefully selected and in-depth tours of nature, the luxury of perfection and sustainable development. The expedition tours are what make Explora unique and they are constantly developing new routes. This year, more than 360 km of routes and more than 100 different tours are offered. In all 7 locations, you can experience something out of the ordinary, in-depth, deep-sea – on a higher level.


The long, narrow Chile stretches along the west coast of South America according to countryaah. From north to south, the country is 420 km, but its width is on average less than 200 km. Relocated to Europe, Chile would run from southern Italy all the way to the Spitsbergen in the Arctic Ocean.


The climate alternates between extreme drought in the north and rain and humid air in the south. Central Chile has a temperate climate of southern European type with sunny summers and abundant rainfall in winter.


No – Nordic citizens can stay 90 days without a visa.


Chilean Peso – CLP

100CLP = 1.38SEK


Spanish is the official language. Indigenous languages: mapudungun (mapuche), quechua and other indian languages.


Mandatory – No compulsory vaccines are required for entry

Recommended – Children who have not had or previously been vaccinated against measles, mumps or rubella should be vaccinated against these diseases. Contact your vaccination center for personal needs.

Chile 2